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Human Resources Management in Canada Canadian Eleventh Edition

11 Pages

Human Resources
Course Code
MHR 523

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182 Instructors Resource Manual for Human Resources Management in Canada, C11e PART FIVE: BUILDING EFFECTIVE EMPLOYEEEMPLOYER RELATIONSHIPS CHAPTER 14 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY LEARNING OUTCOMES Analyze the responsibilities and rights of employees and employers under occupational health and safety legislation. Explain WHMIS legislation. Analyze in detail three basic causes of accidents. Describe how accidents at work can be prevented. Explain why employee wellness programs are becoming increasingly popular. Discuss six major employee health issues at work and recommend how they should be handled. CHAPTER SUMMARY The chapter begins with an explanation of the importance of occupational health and safety. The basic facts about occupational health and safety legislation are then presented. Next the supervisor's role in safety is explained, followed by a section on the causes of accidents and how they can be prevented. Employee wellness programs are then described. The chapter ends with a discussion of the major occupational health issues and challenges with which employers are currently dealing and how they should be handled. LECTURE OUTLINE this chapter introduces the important topi c of occupational health and safety, which is important for all employees this area is heavily legislated in Canada Three categories of rules in occupational health and safety legislation: 1. General health and safety rules 2. Rules regarding specific industries (e.g. construction, mining) 3. Rules regarding specific hazards such as asbestos Figure 14.1 provides an example of a detailed construction regulation Occupational health and safety is a joint resp onsibility of employees and employers under Canadian law Employers have the responsibility to ensure a safe workplace for employees Employees have the right to refuse to do unsafe work Occupational health and safety laws also require joint management-labour health and safety committees Occupational health and safety law is enforced by health and safety inspectors Toxic substances must be carefully controlled Workplace Hazardous Materials Information Systems (WHMIS) is a federal law that requires: all hazardous materials to be labelled as such material safety data sheets (MSDS) to be available to all employees using hazardous materials employee training in how to deal with hazardous materials Figure 14.2 illustrates the WHMIS hazard symbols Figure 14.3 provides an example of a material safety data sheet Copyright 2011 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 14 Occupational Health and Safety 183 The supervisors role in safety supervisors have a per sonal responsibility under the law to ensure the safety of their workers; they must try to get employees to care about safety and want to work safely safety commitment must begin with top management What causes accidents? 1. chance occurrences beyond anyones control 2. unsafeconditions 3. unsafe acts by employees Unsafe conditions include: improperly guarded equipment defectivequipment hazardoupsrocedures unsafsetorage impropeilrlumination impropevrentilation Threeothewr ork-related accident factors are: inherently dangerous jobs such as mining work schedules that cause fatigue such as double shifts a stressful psychological climate due to harassment or danger Unsafe acts include: throwingaterials operating machinery too quickly or working at unsafe speeds rendering safety devices inoperative using unsafe equipment or unsafe procedures taking unsafe positions under suspended loads improper lifting that causes back injuries horseplay unsafe acts can be related to personal characteristics such as poor vision, literacy, young age (1728), and differences in perceptual versus motor skills, as illustrated in Figure 14.4 How to prevent accidents. Accidents can be prevented by: - reducing unsafe conditions - reducing unsafe acts: careful selection and placement of employees monitoring work overload and stress training and education positive reinforcement of safe work behaviours top management commitment to safe work practices Controlling workers compensation costs Workers compensation costs are very high in most jurisdictions in Canada. These costs can be controlled by: taking accident prevention measures before accidents occur ensuring prompt medical attention after an accident being supportive and keeping in touch wi th workers who are off on workers compensation facilitating return to work as soon as possible Copyright 2011 Pearson Canada Inc.184 Instructors Resource Manual for Human Resources Management in Canada, C11e Employee wellness programs are a proactive approach to em ployee health that can keep employees healthy and reduce illness Wellness programs include: stressanagement nutrition and weight management smokincgessationrograms heartealth physicfiltness ergonomics and many other initiatives Figure 14.5 provides information about the benefits to employers in taking action on employee wellness Occupational health and safety issues and challenges substancaebuse jbtress repetitive strain injuries workplactoxins workplacsemoking violence at work substance abuse is a longstanding serious and widespread workplace problem with costs of over $39.8 billion in 2002 guidelines to supervisors include: monitoring the employees behaviour on the job; keeping a written record of the employees behaviour on the job; and referring the employee to an employee assistance program or outside serv ices for counselling and treatment (this often involves persuading a reluctant employee to take advantage of this service) traditional techniques used by organizations to treat substance abuse include: disciplining the empl
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