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Week 1 - Paleolithic art.pdf

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Interior Design
IRH 110
Julia Scalzo

Week  1   Slide  1   September 2012 Preliminary  Remarks   IRH 110: History of Art •Go  to  blackboard.  Sign  up  for  groups.  Edit  wiki  to  contribute       Slide  2  Slide  3   Definition  of  Art   Mondrian: Bernini: David, 1623 Red, Yellow Blue, 1927 • We  cant  define  art.  Don’t  impose  your  idea  of  what  art   is→  look  at  what  the  artist  wanted  to  represent.  we   cannot  be  lazy  and  assume  that  an  object  means  what   we  think  it  means  from  our  cultural  perspective.   • Art  is  not  necessarily  self-­‐Expression.  It  rarely  is.  If  not   →  figure  out  why   • There  are  reasons  for  why  things  look  the  way  they  do   →  cannot  be  expressed  by  a  simple  formula  applied  to   all  art  of  all  times  produced  under  all  circumstances.   • Being  creative  does  not  mean  we  do  anything  we  feel   like.   • We  don’t  know  for  sure  anything  about  the  artwork  if   there’s  no  documentation  →  pure  assumption     Slide  4   • Most  people  will  say  that  art  is  the  product  of  creativity.   • Creativity  →  the  ability  to  create.”     • Create→  “to  produce  (as  a  work  of  art  or  as  a   dramatic  interpretation)  along  new  or  unconventional   lines.”     • What’s  “new”  or  “unconventional”?  →  something  just   Francisco Goya: a  wee  bit  new.       (1746-1828) • True  for  us  now,  and  true  for  much  of  the  art  produced   Chronos Devouring in  Western  Europe  during  the  past  600  years  or  so   one of his Children, ca. 1820 (And  true,  too,  for  the  rest  of  the  world,  but  beginning   sometime  later).     (from Goya’s own • This  view  of  art  is  common  now  →  defines  what  we   farmhouse outside mean  by  the  History  of  Art,  not  just  the  history  of  the   Madrid) past  600  years,  but  also  earlier  periods.           Week  1     Slide  5   Understanding  Art   • Understand  what  is  new  →  by  understanding  the  artistic   context:     • new  ways  of  representing  things,     • new  ways  of  making   • materials.     • It  is  critical  to  find  date  →  dominant  concerns  in  the  art   world,  social  context  →changed  some  things,  but  not   others.     Perugino: Christ Giving the Keys Raphael: Marriage of the • Reinassance,  Ancient  Greek  painting,  sculpture   to Saint Peter. Vatican 1481 Virgin 1504 architecture  of  Europe:  Competition.  Trying  to  outdo   each  other  by  remaking  paintings  in  an  improved  way.   FAME     Michelangelo: St Slide  6   Peter 1489 Masaccio: • Meaning  of  “art”“outdo”  always  changes  over  time,  →   Tribute Money Why  have  to  understand  cultural  context.         1425 •  Naturalism:  Copying  what’s  seeing.     • The  outdoing→  michelangelos’  is  more  natural       Slide  7   • Radical  in  both  periods  of  time.     • The  importance  of  dates  →  both  scary  but  for  different   Manet: Olympia 1863 Picasso: reasons.  →  Need  to  know     Desmoiselles • Cave  paintings  look  like  something.    Renaissance   D’Avignon 1907 paintings  look  more  like  something.  Paintings  in  the  next   500  years  look  a  lot  more  like  something.  Last  100   years?  Not  so  much.       Slide  8   Themes  in  Art   7 •  Art  is  about  →  money,  religion,  power,  seduction,   philosophy,  technology,  love  and  hatred.  ANYTHING   Menkaure and his Queen Rigaud: Louis XIV • Art  does  not  happen  simply  because  there  was  an  artist.  →   2490-2472 B.C 1701 Somebody  helped  out  or  bought  the  things  →we  need  to   know  about  these  people,  too.     • System  of  patronage:  artists  much  less  important  than  the   people  for  whom  they  made  their  art.       • To  understand  art  of  a  given  culture  →  need  to  know  what   is  very  important  to  it,  or  at  least  what  is  very  important  in   its  art.       Week  1   • Power  expressed  in  art→  Big  =  important     Saint-Lazare,Autun Michelangelo: Pietà, Last Judgment, 1120 1500 Slide  9   • Different  cultures  have  different  values   • What  different  cultures  value  most→  what  their  art  is   about   • Art  often  conveys  religious  messages→  need  to  know   about  different  religions.     • Not  always  the  same  →  even  same  religions  have   differences   • E.g  Sympathize  with  people.   • Psychologically  penetrating  people     Reims Cathedral Gehry: th Guggenheim Museum, Slide  10   13 century Bilbao Spain 1997 Representation  and  Messages   • Architecture   • Shows  important  building  of  culture  at  time   • Shows  how  they  built.  Materials  available.  Technology   available.       Slide  11   • Representation  →  shows  how  they  are  valued.     • Importance,  strength,  etc.       Greek, Early Classical, ca. 480-457 B.C. : Athena, • Most  paitnings  are  representational  →  naturalistic  =  can  tell   Herakles and Atlas, the Golden Apples of the more  info.     Hesperides. Metope from the east side of the Temple   of Zeus at Olympia, marble, 5’3” (1.6 m.) high Slide  12        Slide  13        Slide  14   • Always  test  ideas  of  things  of  which  we  have  an  opinion  or   idea  of  →  might  not  be  true.     • UNDERSTAND  CONTEXT   • Social  status   Gainsborough: Robert Andrews and Frances Carter 1748 • Gender  streotypes?   →  not  always  trueee   • What  portrait  is   Fan Kuan: about   • Mood  portraying   Travelling Among Streams and     th Mountains, 11 century Week  1   Slide  15   • Most  messages  relate  to  people  →money,  power,   prestige  and  social  status.  Cuz→  important  role  in  all   Rachel Ruysch: societies,  affect  the  kinds  of  art  that  is  made,  who  it  is   Still Life, 1700 made  for,  who  gets  to  use  it  or  look  at  it,  who  makes  it,   and  where  the  art  was  located.     • Often  is  a  sensuous  pleasure→  defined  as  simply   beautiful  thing.           Slide  16,  17    Slide  19,  18.  Slide  21,  20.  Slide  22   Terminology   Titian: Venus of Urbino, 1538 • Specialized  and  extensive  terminology  for  describing   artworks:   • Abstraction:  representing  general  shapes   • Naturalism:  Realistic.  Copying  what’s  seen.   • Idealization:  Not  realistic  but  idea  of  beauty  at  the  time   • Define  what’s  idealized.  What  ways.  E.g  Age   • Trickkk:  Realistic  someone  you  could  see  on  the  street.   Idealized  someone  way  too  generalized  and  smooth.   Naturalisti   Abstract c Augustus of Prima Porta, early 1 century Julius Caesar, Mid 1 B.C. A.D. Both are Naturalistic Both are Naturalistic Idealized Realistic More or less Idealized           This  is  were  you  do  research  and  REMEMBER:  you  will  have  to  edit  almost  everything  you  find  in  order  for  your   work  to  correspond  to  the  content  of  this  course.   Week  1   Paleolithic  Art  to  about   Willendorf 1000  BC   Lascaux Slide  23   Paleolithic  Sites   • Timeline:  
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