• Courts deprived people of liberty and, in the US, their lives
• Courts enforce rules. Should be fair and just and not arbitrary.
• Crown attorney (the government) – criminal
• Civil courts involve no breaking of the law. Ex. Contracts, suits. Dispute between people that can’t be
resolved. Government not usually involved.
• Justice= foundation of society.
• Fairness is vital. No prejudging it effects the outcome of justice. Presumption of innocence before proven
guilty is necessary.
• Media pays attention to trials because it’s not complicated, lots of colour (quotes).
• Narrative structure. Beginning, middle, end. Neat narrative packages.
• Jude and jury/ just judge.
• Shows state at work. Getting mad guys/ miscarriage of justice.
• Charges are laid. Crown needs to disclose everything the police found. All evidence must be shown to the
• Voire dire admissibility of evidence. Can’t report it.
• Criminal code, federal/provincial laws.
• Preliminary hearing enough evidence to go to higher court/trial. Often onesided. Defence isn’t obligated to
say anything. Don’t report it. Can after judgement.
• Most cases tried in provincial court.