Lecture: The Culture of News
⋅ The Elements of Journalism
⋅ 10 principles: elements of journalism. Purpose: provide people with info needed to be free and selfgoverning; Creates
a sense of community to keep people connected; Keep others accountable (different in Britain & Canada), put pressure
on the government; impact on citizens (who to vote for, social norms);
⋅ Core values tell the truth. Loyalty to citizens. Independent monitor of power. News must be comprehensive, exercise
⋅ Tell the truth leads to fairness and balance. Listening to as many people and researching.
⋅ Loyalty to citizens (readers, viewers, listeners) ex. Dictatorships (loyalty to gov’t.). Commercial media.
⋅ Discipline of verification news is what others say. But find way to verify truth. Objectivity is not two sides. Process of
discovering the truth is objective not the story. If it’s true then you don’t need two sides.
⋅ Be independent of those you cover. (Glenn Greengold the Times is too close to the U.S. gov’t to cover its nuclear
weapons etc.) Difficult if you work at an inhouse magazine (how critical will you go of gov’t if they pay you)
⋅ A forum for public criticism and compromise. Need to know different points of view. How far can you push debates?
What about those based on false premises?
⋅ Make the significant interesting (MEGO)
⋅ Comprehensive and proportional. Does this matter? How much does it matter? Struggle. Not going overboard on sex
scandals for example, stealing yes though because it’s breaking the law.
⋅ Practitioners must be allowed to exercise conscience. Liberal bias in mainstream media. Technology undermining the
financial base. Effects the way stuff gets reported.
⋅ Publisher (Station manager for TV) ▯ (News man. Sr. Producers for TV responsible for a show) ads, circulation,
finance, tech, ▯ EDIT: editor and chief ▯ managing editor (runs newsroom) national editor, city editor, sports, business
etc. ▯ reporters ▯ copy editors (look at what reporters produce and edit write headlines, layout pages. style)▯ Copy to
Print/Web – web to editor and chief.
Detail and observation
⋅ Looking for something you can see hear smell taste and touch. Show not tell. Looking around while you’re