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drug addictions.docx

5 Pages

Law and Business
Course Code
LAW 122
Eric Ball

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Drug Addiction Shereen Anis 250560471 Section:002 Dr. Maria Wolf Addiction, defined as the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma. For the sake of analysis on two articles, an author argues that addiction is solely based on environmental factors, whereas another author argues that addictions is purely neurologically and biologically triggered, or possibly even that an individual is born into an addictive personality. I will be using these two articles to analyze the different perspectives, methods, experiments and treatment options on individuals who suffer from drug addictions. This paper will analyze how drug addictions are indeed a psychological state of mind and are also genetically predisposed on certain individuals. Drug addiction has become more common throughout the years, primarily in teens. According to Pering’s article, addictions are already wired into individuals at birth, and it is only a mater of time for that individual to get exposed to their addiction- in this case a drug- and for them to try it just once, for them to become hooked. Take for example, a mother who while bearing her child exposes her womb to cocaine. The child is already predisposed to be highly addicted to the drug, and when born crave the drug until he or she can consume the drug, where then the child becomes addicted. This addiction occurs because the child (a) is born with an addictive personality, because addictions are passed genetically or (b) the child is addicted to cocaine because of the mother who chose to do cocaine during her pregnancy, therefore making the child pre- addicted. Also another point that arises is the fact that there is already a sense of dependence on a drug in a person’s brain, and it is only a matter of time that the individual will be triggered to begin craving a drug, and later become addicted, because they feel it is the only way to achieve a sense of high, satisfaction or even a sense of belonging. In many cases patients will describe the consumption of such drugs, as a sense of escape from their problems, which ultimately is a psychological relief on their part. Therefore, it is a state of mind that they are depending on the drug, because they feel it is their only relief from problems, and this is why drug addictions is biologically influenced. On the other hand, Silverman argues in his article that this view is incorrect because drug addictions are caused not by genetics or biological predisposition, but is primarily due to environmental factors. These environmental factors include; peer pressure, family expectations and stress caused by these influences. He argues that most people become exposed to drugs because of peer pressure, or because they feel that they can’t meet family expectations, and in some cases the expectation
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