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Lecture 2

MHR 405 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Canoe.Com, Conscientiousness, Distributive Justice


Department
Human Resources
Course Code
MHR 405
Professor
Sathy Sritharakumar
Lecture
2

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Chapter 2: Individual Behaviour, Personality and Values
MARS model of Individual Behaviour
Motivation, ability and situation are the most commonly mentioned directed predictors of
individual behaviour and performance
Employee motivation
Internal forces that affect a person's direction, intensity, and persistence of voluntary behaviour
Employee ability
Aptitudes and learned capabilities required to successfully complete a task, person-job matching
(selecting applicants, developing employees, redesigning jobs)
Competencies: characteristics of a person that result in superior performance
Role perceptions
Understand the job duties expected of us
Clearer role perceptions/clarity when we: understand our tasks, performance priorities, preferred
procedures
Benefits of clear role perceptions: most accurate/efficient job performance, better coordination
with others, higher motivation
Situational factors
Environmental conditions that constrain or facilitate behaviour
Constraints: time, budget, facilities
Types of Individual Behaviour
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