MHR 405 Lecture Notes - Fundamental Attribution Error, Extraversion And Introversion, Job Performance

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Published on 4 Feb 2014
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Class 3 Jan 24/ 2014
Personality Chapter 2
Personality is the traits that make up an individual and how those traits influence the way we
interact with the environment around us. Our traits are enduring meaning they are fixed, it is
something about us. The reason that person is behaving that way is because of their personality
 Fundamental attribution theory. Your personality is fairly fixed around age 7 but there are small
changes that occur afterwards.
Interactionist Perspective
Personal factors interact with environmental factors and that produces behaviour; is it caused by
their personality or by the situation. Allowing us to try to figure out why someone is acting a
certain way a different way:
- focused on strong and weak situations where, when we are found in a strong situation (norms
for behaviour are fixed and set out i.e.) organization), personality is a weaker prediction of
behaviour. When a situation is weak where there is no set way of behaviour, personality will
become enhanced within an individual
ie) in the library, we are supposed to be quiet so a person who is extroverted will talk with a low
voice or not talk at all because they know they have to act that way and are following the norm
of what everyone else in the library is doing
Why use personality?
Organizations use it for selection, who they are going to hire, promotion, development and we
want to keep in mind that:
- people equate personality with social skill: ie) extroversion is associated with positive
personality traits within an organization. Because of the biases that incline our decision making,
filtering, halo effect , stereotyping (cognitive misers), selective attention, and fundamental
attribution error (overlooking the situation when we are trying to attribute things to people). So
when we try to assess personality using the FAE, it might not be truly representative of the
person.
To combat this:
- want to make sure we are assessing in a job relevant manor; not concerned with how
someone interacts with other people in social settings but specifically in the work setting
- to predict who is going to be a good performer, cognitive ability tasks will be a predictor in how
strong they will but the problem is that they might lack in other areas such as team cooperatively
and leadership skills and communication
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