Career planning & development person becomes aware of personal career-related attributes & lifelong series of activities that contribute to their career fulfillment; individual must accept responsibility, requires self-motivation, independent learning, effective time & money management. Career planning process, become aware, identify goals, action plans to attain goals. Roles in career development: individual, networking, manager, employer. Growth stage birth to age 14 during which person develops self-concept by identifying with & interacting with others (family, friends, teachers) Exploration stage age 15-24, person seriously explores various occupational alternatives, attempting to match these alternatives with their interests & abilities. Establishment stage age 24-44, heart of most peop0847;08. Maintenance stage age 45-65, person secures their place in work world. Decline stage many people face with prospect of having to accept reduced levels of power & responsibility; retirement.