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Lecture 3

PHL 110 Lecture 3: Lecture 03

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PHL 110
Paul Bali

Lecture 03 A. The Argument from Design B. The Cosmologic Argument C. The Axiarchic Argument -“The Heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork” (Pslams 19:1) -“For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. Ever since the creation of the world his eternal power and divine nature, invisible though they are, have been understood and seen through the things he has made. So they are without excuse” (Romans 1:19-21) -Paul is saying that there is no excuse to your atheism -You see the effects of fundamental forces -“Do you not see that Allah has made what is in the heavens and what is in the earth subservient to you, and made complete to you His favours outwardly and inwardly?” (Koran 31:20) -God didn’t just make the universe, he made it for life, for you -Paley’s Watch (A1) -1800s, William Paley -the Argument from Design -An analogy for the universe and a watch -When you find the watch in a field, you take it apart and immediately can see structure and order -Reasonable to infer a watchmaker even if we don’t see him/her -Share with the universe -Objections to Paley’s Watch -O1A1: the universe is disanalogous to human artifacts in size, complexity, mystery (Hume) -O2A1: we can’t conclude much about the nature of the designer (Hume) -O3A1: the universe’s purpose is opaque -Hume never published his critique, handed it to Adam Smith (economist) on his deathbed -Larger machinery o
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