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Lecture

PHL187 Parmendies, Aristotle and Plato Lecture Note

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 187
Professor
James Cunningham
Semester
Fall

Description
‐ Parmenides says being is 1  ‐ Aristotle says, failed to distinguish between quality of a substance  o Example: pure whiteness, pure smallness, pure tallness  ‐ If that was right, paremendies would be right about world “being”  ‐ Fullness/stillness cannot be anything but what they are  ‐ If qualities  had an independence existence of their won there would be being  o Qualities would not move, change; everything would be full  ‐ Parmenidies is not right, qualities do not have the ability to exist on their own  ‐ Quality exist in substance  ‐ Qualities are of something  ‐ Example, tallness OF whiteness  ‐ Substances can change  ‐ What are substances  o Individuals distinct (from other individuals, university is made up of multiplicity  of substances)  o They can change. Example white cant change but a white thing can change very  easily. A white thing can chance into a vlakc thing or stop existing universe is  made up of substances with qualities  ‐ Aristotle prefers 1 world solution over 2 world solution  o No problem with splitting person into mind and body, problem with making  mind and body different things  ‐ Plato mind is physical  o Isn’t purely mental  ‐ Plato says the mind and body interact through imitation. Body imitates the mind  ‐ Aristotle says there is a problem, with this  ‐ Pl
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