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Lecture

Phaedo and Aristotle

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 187
Professor
James Cunningham
Semester
Fall

Description
Friday, November‐19‐10    Phaedo Aristotle  ‐ Firelight not consistent, in the context of the analogy of the cave  ‐ Flickering light allows things that illuminated to fall into shadow, they are not fully illuminated,  sometimes they are illuminated, sometimes not, sometimes only parts, and the shape of things  are constantly changing   ‐ Sometimes seem to be they are  ‐ Sometimes they seem to be as they are not  ‐ Up in the world in light, the real world, we see thing as they are, all the time  ‐ In phaedo, Socrates says to consider and compare two equal things with the concept of equality   ‐ When we try   ‐ In our souls deep and buried, we possess the truth about equality  o Equal things or share the things of equality, seems opposite, it confuses us  ƒ Like when something is tall and short, contradiction  ‐ Reason has access to equality  ‐ If you want to experience reality, turn your senses off, let reason do its work  ‐ Senses awaken our reason    ‐ The most virtuous activity is philosophy because we can be self sufficient in that activity and the  least expensive  ‐ You need a good character  ‐ Reason contemplation is necessary according to Aristotle  ‐ Intellectual beings – joy of philosophy  ‐ Social beings  ‐ What is the virtue that best allows for philosophy?  o Intellectual 
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