Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)
Philosophy (612)
PHL 201 (50)
Lecture

PHL 201 - week 11 (april 1st).docx

4 Pages
54 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 201
Professor
James Cunningham
Semester
Winter

Description
PHL 201 Monday April 1 st  Rational Being – Aristotle believed that Human beings were rational animals  He believed that we were different form God, because we are animals and God is not o God is not a kid, animals yawn- animals yawn o Animals are born, grow old, then die o Human being are the most rational animals o Excellent human - Virtue governs all of our actions – acting reasonably in all cases o Most self –sufficient – able to take care of yourself o Why is it good to be self-sufficient? – you don’t have to depends on anyone else. If one depends on anyone else, you cannot do what you want o If you’re self-sufficient, you can do whatever you want o The greatest impediment to freedom is lack of ability o What is it about being able that makes you freer ? – the world is made for those who are able, they’re not at mercy as much a others o EX: someone is very able with respect to the Piano; if you’re able, you can do things people unable can’t; lets suppose both want to play piano, the able person can, the other can’t. The ability of the person who can is free; the other person is not free o Unreliable – o Oppressors – “the evil”- they’ll do what you want but harm you in the process o Kind –  An excellent life is one that is self-sufficient  Diversions – toys, shopping, drinking, dances etc o Problem - We would still be relying on others (for the toys) o We are like the poor – we need to be diverted, distracted o Sally Horsefall – she wants praise and honour, not diversions because she was born with them o Your life is in pursuit of honour – how does that make you less self-sufficient ? – you need a cheering audience, giving you honour, but sometimes you get “boo-ed” or might get tired of them o Alternative – live a life of virtue; happiness depends on having a virtuous character  What is it that’s hard to change? The habits, which is the expression of your character; if this is source of happiness, then you won’t want to change  If you were to lose an arm – if you are virtuous, you will be more resourceful- you will handle misfortune better  A mark on your character – o You start to do something badly, you practice to get better at doing things badly o You start to do good things at young age, builds good character, by imitating virtuous actions; you’re bad at it at first, then after about 6 months, it seems odd to not be doing it – it has become part of your character o Becomes a habit – you can do something without being forced, which means you will do it over the long term, which will make you more virtuous, which gives proficiency o You are not virtuous if you don’t love it o An evil person will do virtuous things, but only if he is forced, but will stop as soon as he doesn’t have to anymore o Proficiency – love o Ethos – ethics – study of o Where do you practice these virtues?  Courage  pleasure of saving your friends of mortal danger; EX: soldiering  Justice  about treating people fairly; EX: politics, by being a citizen  Wisdom  knowing the value of things; EX: learn it in study  Temperance  learn to treat them as they need to be treated; EX : learn this as a parent TUESDAY  Ethos – good ethics  You require virtues for the love of them  A person who loves virtue  to be virtuous o This person is more likely to do it; we are more likely to do what we love then do what we don’t love o If you are virtuous, you will do virtuous things o If you want your children to be virtuous, you’re going to teach them good habits, by demonstrating, model good behaviour, requi
More Less

Related notes for PHL 201

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit