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Lecture

Chalmers.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 201
Professor
Tonya Davidson
Semester
Fall

Description
1. mystery in spite of the fact that we seem intimately familiar with consciousness in our own case. 2. Descartes' dualism and its problems 3 behaviorism, mind/brain identity theory, functionalism 4 mysterians vs reductionists: Chalmers focuses on reductionist claims, which assert that mind can be reduced to some type of physical system (such as the brain). A reductionist assumes that a purely physical account of the mental is possible. As Nagel notes, a critic of reductionism need only argue that a particular reductionist account of the mind (say reducing talk of the mental to talk about neurological processes in the brain) does not exhausts the analysis of the mental. The critic need only argue that an important (subjective) aspect of consciousness has not been explained and remains deeply problematic. 5. Chalmers does not deny that consciousness arises from the brain: "Remarkably, subjective experience seems to emerge from a physical process. But we have no idea how or why this is. " (Nagel can
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