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Lecture 14

PHL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Cebes

Course Code
PHL 101
Richard Brown

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This is your progress exam to be written December 8th, 2014 at 4 pm to 6 pm. No
books or notes will be permitted. Please note that DETAILED is stressed
Plato’s Phaedo
All students must answer Question One (the mandatory question) and then one (1)
of the remaining questions for a total of two (2) questions. Each question is worth
Question One (Mandatory). Give a detailed account of Simmias’ Attunement argument
against the immortality of the soul. Then give a detailed account of all three (3) of
Socrates’ arguments against Simmias. Which, if any, of Socrates’ three arguments do you
think best refutes Simmias? Why?
Question Two. Give a detailed account of Socrates’ Cycle of opposites argument and
Socrates’ Exclusion of Opposites argument. Doesn’t the former argument conclude that
Life comes from Death while the latter argument concludes that they do not? How do you
explain this apparent contradiction? Which of these two arguments do you think is the more
convincing argument? Why?
Question Three. Give a detailed account of Socrates’ Theory of Recollection argument
for the immortality of the soul which he bases on the theory that learning is just
recollection of the Forms. Make certain that you give both a detailed account of the
relationship Plato thinks exists between the Form of Absolute Equality and some equal
sticks or stones as well as a general account of the relationship between Forms and
particulars. Do you think that Socrates’ argument from Recollection would work for the
Form of Absolute Beauty and seeing a couple of beautiful particulars? Explain.
Question Four. Give a detailed account of Socrates Kinship argument or Argument from
Affinity. Then give a detailed account of Cebes’ Weaver's Cloak argument. Make certain
that you explain exactly how Cebes uses the conclusion of Plato’s Kinship argument against
Socrates. Whose argument, Socrates’ or Cebes’, do you think is the more convincing
argument? Why do you think so?
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