POL 128 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Nuclear Weapon, Rocket Power, Proxy War

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POL128 – Week 10 – Thursday, November 26, 2015
The cold war lasted from 1945 – 1990
Can be understood as the ultimate ideological
The Americans and the Russians had completely opposite ideas
America believed in capitalism
oPeople can get rich
oPrivately owned property
oMarket effects economy
Russia believed in Communism (socialism)
oEconomy should be planned scientifically
oNo private property
oProfits go to people in the form of social programs
oNobody gets rich
War was never fought directly – more of a competition rather than military conflict
Proxy war – get someone else to fight war for you – or get involved in someone else’s war
Given that the Americans and Russians were allies in WW2, what happened that divided them?
oStandard explanation: think back to what happened at the end of the war
oLeaders of Britain, USA, and Russia had a conflict
oWhat was Europe going to be like caused the conflict
oPeople should have the right to vote and pick whatever government they want
oThe European countries didn’t really have free election
oThe red army brought parties and secret police to liberated countries – elections in
those countries were fixed
oEuropean countries had communist governments
oChine also became communist
oAmerica thinks there is a global conspiracy for communism
o“Containment” – Americas attempt to stop communism from spreading
oAmerica built military bases all across Europe as well as Asia
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