POL 129 Lecture Notes - Geneva Conventions, Mercedes-Benz 500K, Child Care

150 views7 pages
October 15, 2012
October 22, 2012
Immigration Selection: Who gets into Canada
Recap
We’ve Discussed Immigrant Selection to 1945.
Selection by Discrimination: Wanted & Unwanted Immigrants.
Would open the doors wide at sometimes and close them shut at others. We did this to
serve the needs of Canada’s economy.
Door Open/Door Closed Pattern.
Long Period of Minimal Migration, Since 1930s
Coming in from a period of historically low immigration which is caused by factors such
as the Depression
What does the government consider when admitting immigrants into Canada?
Language:
More emphasize on immigrants who have English or French. You are favouring some countries
over others. Countries that have english or French as a mother tongue will have a major
advantage.
Health Check:
Don’t want to put too much of a burden on our health care system
No criminal record
Skills, age, education etc.
How did we move from old immigration admittance policies to the new point system?
Re-Opening Canada’s Immigration Doors After WW2
Doors About to Re-Open (about to open in 1945)
PUSH: Europe in Ruins; Displaced Populations
5 and half years of war
Populations have been pushed and pulled all over Europe displaced
PULL: Canada’s Economy & Population Needs
Canada is coming out of 5 years of terrible death rate after the war and very low
immigration
December 1945, canada’s economy is ready to take off while Europe’s
infrastructure have been blown up in the war.
Who Should Be Allowed In?
Legacy of Discriminatory Selection
Canada has a history of selection immigrants based on discrimination.
War Against Racism Ends
We fought a war against racism. Canada went to war because of attachment to
Britain.
We went to war due to Genocide. We just fought a war to free the world from
racism. What should Canada’s new approach to allowing immigrants into the
country?
Announcing Canada’s Post War Immigration Policy
Prime Minister Mackenzie King, 1947:
Canada’s longest serving prime minister. Served for 25 years
Who should Canada admit? He replies,
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
“The policy of the Government is to foster the growth of the population of Canada by the
encouragement of immigration(Canada is about to open the door because it serves our
interests)Canada is perfectly within her rights in selecting the persons whom we regard as
desirable future citizens(no one is going to tell us who to select, that is our decision)The
people of Canada do not wish, as a result of mass immigration, to make a fundamental
alteration in the character of our population(the one thing we don’t want immigration to change
is who we are as people) …Any considerable Oriental immigration would be certain to give rise
to social and economic problems(we are not going to allow in Chinese and Japanese people).”
Canada Still a British/White/Christian Imagined City
Mass Postwar Migration 1947-1960
Large Numbers Arrive from Europe
Huge Migration from Europe
More Support for German than Jewish Immigrants
UK, Western, Southern & Eastern Europe
Italian, Portuguese and Greek migration
This migration saved Toronto because these people moved into this city as the others
moved out to the suburbs.
1946-1947 Canadians said that they preferred to have Germans over Jews in this
country. This is odd because we just fought a war against Germany.
Big Growth in Non-British European Pop.
Because of these arrivals of eastern Europeans there is a huge increase in non british
population
Hungarian Refugees: 1956
Asylum seekers, new approach to more humanitarian immigrants
Very few Non-Europeans & Non-White in Canada
About to Change With the Point System
The end of Race Based Migration: 1960s
Selection Based on Human Capital Not Country of Origin
The first 100 years we based immigration on race and religion
We are more interested in what skills you possess. HUMAN CAPITAL refers to what
knowledge skills and experience do you have to invest economically in Canada
1962: End of Countries of Preference
Canada says we no longer are going to accept immigrants based on what country you
are from. This was only about 50 years ago.
1967: Adoption of The Point System
Giving applicants who want to come to Canada points based on aspects that they
possess
Why the Change?
It was a combination of pragmatism(helping solving an immediate problem) and
principle (what are our ethically values)
Combination of Pragmatism & Principle
Labour Market Needs: Baby Boom Ending
Traditional Sending Countries Stop Sending
Europe no longer wants to migrate.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.