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Lecture 2

POL 607 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Civic Nationalism, Ethnic Nationalism, Potash

Politics and Public Administration
Course Code
POL 607
Joseph Zboralski

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State (institutions)
o In order to have a state, you need a stable population
o Canada is quite well positioned in many ways
We have stuff that people want to buy
Canada has most of the world’s fresh water
Fresh water will be important when the population will become
more than 10 billion people when ppl will need more water to
Canada has oil & natural gas that we sell worldwide
Canada also exports potash
Potash is used for fertilizing
Saskatchewan is the world’s largest potash producers
o It is a growing economy there, people are moving there
more often as more jobs are available, higher income
o America has military in the middle east since it is strategically important as
middle east has a lot of oil and Americans need it
o It refers to the degree of independence a country has
o In order to be recognized as a state, you need to demonstrate sovereignty
You make your own decisions regarding the country
You make your own decisions about the relationship with other country
No external force has effect on your decisions
A country needs to be independent to be recognized as sovereignty
For example, India before 1948 was a colony of Britain not a state,
they didn’t have the independence to make their own decisions,
Britain made it for them
o Degree of sovereignty is directly connected to the amount of power you have
o Canada is compromised in sovereignty in terms of military
We cannot defend ourselves, our borders etc
We do not have enough military to protect ourselves
But we have strong relationship with the US, so their military protect us
We are involved with NATO along with US
We are involved with NORAD (North American Air Defense)
along with US
Key defense decisions gets made elsewhere and Canadian govt. goes
along with it
Our sovereignty is compromised
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