POG100-061 Lecture 10 – Public Policy
Representatives for what political actors do within a political system:
Institutions : parliamentary and presidential systems, liberal democracy and how it is
organized, constitutions as top political lawmakers for the public; rules by which political actors
operate and set important incentives for what kind of political work makes sense and what does
not. In the parliamentary system, interest groups will try to take power over the prime minister.
With congressional systems, there are multiple access points because it does not just stop at
the president and organizations can try to get access from multiple points.
Log-rolling: because the government is less disciplined in the U.S, there needs to be bargains
made during policy making to get every state’s support to pass it through but this causes them
to fulfill the other state’s favors. Because of this, there is a higher budget is the reason for why
the military has bases in almost every state in the U.S. This will not change because, if a
politician steps down from this process, there will be the closing down of companies, military
bases and eventually a loss of jobs for both politicians and civilians and no one wants that
Interests: unions, lobbyists, etc. Make use of opportunities in political inst. and have different
kinds of access to power and decision-making
Economic, social and international structures: globalizations, broad range of industrialized
societies in comparison to Canada is similar being dependant on resource extraction
- Political ideas : understandings of how world works and what appropriate role of state is
Public policy questions: Where did goals come from? One in one translations of what citizens
expect of their governments?
- public policy is problem solving by governments by choosing to do something or not doing
something. A position, a broader course of action, or a course of inaction, a specific rule or have
a broaden longstanding complex of decisions, rules and courses of action can all be policies.
Welfare State : collection of social policies intended to provide security opportunity and social
justice. Support for people who are in need, to equalize opportunities in different people and a
general goal for what we believe in a society of equal citizens. Distribution of responsibilities
between market, individuals and states
Andersen : three kinds of welfare states
Liberal: provides minimal benefits to those who are in actual need; benefits and needs based.
Health care, on the other hand, has been decommodified in Canada