-is a decision making mechanism for society
-can be seen as a system for conﬂict resolution
-authoritative allocation of values in society
-search for a just society
-in Canada: stable, globally: less structured
-”Polis” (Greek origin....Athens was the ﬁrst contemporary society)
Two political approaches:
Empirical- fact-based approach, observing things “as-is”, more realistic approach, e.g.
Aristotle & StatsCan
Normative- starts with facts, but goes beyond. Includes an ethical/moral dimension.
Looking at the world as it ought to be, idealistic. E.g. Plato,