Week 1: Lecture
Politics: Greek:Polis: City-State
Decision Making Mechanics
-Previously society did not have such a need for politics and decision making
System for Conflict Resolution
-Human behaviour (aggressive/competitive) results in conflict
-Courts are used for conflict resolution, not always fair
Authoritative Allocation of Values
-Wealth is unequally distributed, the 1%
-Average persons income has not been growing but, it has been for the
-To much focus on wealth in politics, business man =/= politician
Search for a Just Society
-What kind society/gov is best/most just?
Week 1: Lab
Empirical v.s Normative
Empirical: fact based approach in study of politics
-Come to conclusions from facts
-Looking at the world is, more realistic
-Will not make a valued judgement
Normative: fact based with a ethical/moral element
-As it should be, idealistic
1. Influence: Persuasion
2. Coercion: Use of or threat of force
3. Authority: Legitimacy, obligation, the right thing to do
1. Traditional: Inheritance, Divine Right of Kings (Will of God)
2. Charismatic: Ability to bring out emotion, rally people, Hitler, Ghandi, Obama
3. Legal/Rational: Political power, voted power
Week 2: Lecture
Democracy -> Demos (Greece)
The people can be wrong.
-Referendum: involves all citizens, a large vote. ex. separation of Quebec; WWI draft
-Initiative: petiton or other platform to force a vote.
-Recall: petition to recall a previous decision. ex. Arnold Shw: elected in
California after a recall.
-Reperesentative: elected representative that makes decisions for a set of
-Political Equality: Everyone has the right to vote.
-Popular Consent: The people have to give thier consent to the gov.
-Personal and Plotical Freedoms: freedom of religion, expression and press.
-Majority Rule: majorities can be wrong, tyranny of the majority: taking away
from minority rights
-Rule of Law
-Institutions of political authority ex. parliament, military
-Only one that can use FORCE ex. take away property, large fines, the can
1)Territory: ex. Nauru
2)Population: quality of population; cooperation, education
3)Sovereignty: independence ex. Canada has the greatest amount of
external economic ownership within a country.
-Nationalism: more apparent in French Canada, English Canada is not as
apparent, harder to differentiate.
-PM, party; Is active can change but the state doesn’t change
Week 2: Lab
Pluralist: no one group dominates, no one is fully in power at one time. Gov. tries
to spread the wealth.
Elitist: small elite group, approx. 5000 people control the Canadian economy
-Remove rules that regulate stock market rules, so they can make more
Part 2 1. Print
-Printing Press (1500's)
-Expansion of scientific knowledge, mapping,
-Affect on democracy; questions being asked, legitimacy of monarchies,
overall knowledge was greater
-Telegraph, telephone, radio, film (1890), television (1950)
-Television: most influential of all mass media, most people rely for news
Week 3: Lecture
Functions of Mass Media
-Simplified, all details are not given
-Information overload: such a large amount of information out there (internet)
hard to decipher real good info.
What Media Should Be: Theories
-Supply x Demand
-No gov intervention
2. Social Responsibility
-Government ownership (BBC -> CBC)
-Regulation (CRTC), preserve and enhance Canadian culture