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Lecture 8

POL 128 Lecture 8: Politics and Film First Half Notes

7 Pages

Politics and Public Administration
Course Code
POL 128
Hudson Moura

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Week 1: Lecture Politics: Greek:Polis: City-State Decision Making Mechanics -Previously society did not have such a need for politics and decision making stress. System for Conflict Resolution -Human behaviour (aggressive/competitive) results in conflict -Courts are used for conflict resolution, not always fair Authoritative Allocation of Values -Wealth is unequally distributed, the 1% -Average persons income has not been growing but, it has been for the wealthy -To much focus on wealth in politics, business man =/= politician Search for a Just Society -What kind society/gov is best/most just? - Week 1: Lab Empirical v.s Normative Empirical: fact based approach in study of politics -Come to conclusions from facts -Looking at the world is, more realistic -Will not make a valued judgement Normative: fact based with a ethical/moral element -As it should be, idealistic Power: 1. Influence: Persuasion 2. Coercion: Use of or threat of force 3. Authority: Legitimacy, obligation, the right thing to do 1. Traditional: Inheritance, Divine Right of Kings (Will of God) 2. Charismatic: Ability to bring out emotion, rally people, Hitler, Ghandi, Obama 3. Legal/Rational: Political power, voted power Week 2: Lecture Democracy -> Demos (Greece) The people can be wrong. 1) Direct -Referendum: involves all citizens, a large vote. ex. separation of Quebec; WWI draft -Initiative: petiton or other platform to force a vote. -Recall: petition to recall a previous decision. ex. Arnold Shw: elected in California after a recall. 2) Representative -Reperesentative: elected representative that makes decisions for a set of people. -Political Equality: Everyone has the right to vote. -Popular Consent: The people have to give thier consent to the gov. -Personal and Plotical Freedoms: freedom of religion, expression and press. -Majority Rule: majorities can be wrong, tyranny of the majority: taking away from minority rights -Rule of Law State -Institutions of political authority ex. parliament, military -Only one that can use FORCE ex. take away property, large fines, the can -4 Components: 1)Territory: ex. Nauru 2)Population: quality of population; cooperation, education 3)Sovereignty: independence ex. Canada has the greatest amount of external economic ownership within a country. 4)Government Nation -People -Nationalism: more apparent in French Canada, English Canada is not as apparent, harder to differentiate. Government -PM, party; Is active can change but the state doesn’t change Week 2: Lab Part 1 Pluralist: no one group dominates, no one is fully in power at one time. Gov. tries to spread the wealth. Elitist: small elite group, approx. 5000 people control the Canadian economy -Reduce taxes. -Remove rules that regulate stock market rules, so they can make more money. Part 2 1. Print -Printing Press (1500's) -Expansion of scientific knowledge, mapping, -Affect on democracy; questions being asked, legitimacy of monarchies, overall knowledge was greater 2. Electronic -Telegraph, telephone, radio, film (1890), television (1950) -Television: most influential of all mass media, most people rely for news -Infotainment 3. Digital Week 3: Lecture Functions of Mass Media 1. Information Problems: -Biased -Simplified, all details are not given -Information overload: such a large amount of information out there (internet) hard to decipher real good info. 2. Entertainment 3. Socialization What Media Should Be: Theories 1.Liberal -Supply x Demand -No gov intervention 2. Social Responsibility -Government ownership (BBC -> CBC) -Regulation (CRTC), preserve and enhance Canadian culture
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