Lecture 3.docx

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Ryerson University
Politics and Public Administration
POL 607
Joseph Zboralski

1900 – 1945 -> Multipolar System 1945 – 1990 -> Bi-polar System (aka Cold War)  WWII destroyed all the major players o German was devastated economically and militarily so was Japan o During WWII, Americans & Russians were allies, both banded together to fight against Nazi Germany  American believed they defeated the Germans but reality was Russians were the one who defeated o Allies became mortal enemies  There was a conference in 1944 to figure out what the political future of Europe will be after WWII is over  In eastern Europe, countries were occupied by the Red Army (Soviet Union) and acquired the countries with communist power  Americans saw that as an expansion of Soviet Union, saw it as a threat  Containment was a policy instituted by the Americans designed to contain the growth of the Soviet Army  The reason it was called Cold War because Soviet Union & Americans never really fought a war with each other o They fought war at other countries like at Vietnam  Arms Race o Americans developed nuclear weapons during WWII o Japan didn’t have the technology to keep up with the Americans o Russians built an atomic bomb and Americans felt they are behind, they built another bomb and Russians built another one to overcome Americans  They kept on building and building and it became to thousands of nuclear bombs o Deterrence means that if you have enough weapons then you have enough fire power that should deter your enemy from attacking you o Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) is when countries keep on building weapons to become more powerful & destroy each other even when there are constraints on money  NATO (American) vs. Warsaw Pact (Soviet Union) rd  Competed for 3 world countries  They would give money, military assistance to persuade those 3rd world countries into joining them o Spying & Propaganda  CIA was created to analyze what’s happening around the world and provide those information to the American government 
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