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Politics and Public Administration
POL 607
Joseph Zboralski

POL607 Lecture 5 19001945  Multiplicity  Multiplicity means that power was dispersed amongst many countries  In the first world war 1 this changed  By world war 2 everyone failed to stand up to the rise of Germany so Hitler and Germany had the upper hand  1945 1990 there was a bi-polar system  Bi-polar system was a stand off between the Americans and Russians  Cold war  These two countries were fighting a war based on a serious difference in philosophical principles (capitalism vs. communism)  US – free markets Russia – Planned economy were among many differences  1941-1945 The Americans and Russians were allies to band against Germany  Many Americans believed that they won the second world ware but it was truly the Russians – in any case they fought together How did cold war start?  There was a conference in 1944 – Winston Churchill (UK), Stalin (Russia) and Roosevelt (US) were all there  The purpose of the conference was to decide what will happen to Europe after the war  When the red army occupied/liberated countries from Nazis they brought KGB and communists and when elections were held in places like Poland and Czech the votes were fixed  This meant that every country liberated by Russia became communist  The US interpreted this as an expansion of Soviet power  “Containment” was a policy was something designed by the US to contain the expansion of the Soviet presence  “Containment” meant many bases across Europe to surround soviets in an attempt to stop soviet territorial expansion  This lead to a competition of sorts  Different competitions included: 1. The arms race  Nuclear bombs, hydrogen bombs  Weapons were advancing but weren’t being used  Was part of a policy called “deterrence” – meaning that if you have enough weapons the other side wont attack  Mutually assured destruction (MAD) - meant that they wouldn’t attack because they couldn’t guarantee that there strike would eliminate threat
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