PSY 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Orienting Response, Fire Alarm System, Classical Conditioning
Psy102: introduction to psychology (6) learning from experience. Even the strongest believers in nativism clearly do not believe that all knowledge is innate. Learning about events: noticing and ignoring. (1) describe the concept of the orienting response (novelty preference), and its adaptive value. (2) explain habituation and sensitization. Orienting reflex/novelty preference the tendency to pay attention to novel or surprising events. Habituation the decline in attention to familiar events. For some stimuli, repeated exposure leads to more intense reactions (sensitization) rather than less intense reactions (habituation). Sometimes being repeatedly exposed to things gives u more intense reactions, more effect on you. Hard to habitiuate loud things, sounds that variate (baby crying) intensity, and what it indicates. Whether sensitization or habituation occurs often depends on the intensity of the stimulus and what it indicates (e. g. danger). The novelty preference can be used to determine what babies can perceive about the world. Some stimuli serve as signals for others.