PSY 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Display Rules, Social Distance, Public Space
Primary emotions (ekman) - cross- culturally universal emotions: happiness, disgust, sadness, fear, surprise, contempt, anger. Secondary emotions: result of a mixture of primary emotions (hatred, alarm, jealousy) Culture and emotional expression: display rules vary across culture, emotions might be experienced the same way across cultures, but expressed differently. Cognitive theories of emotion: emotions are products of thinking, not innate motor programs, there are as many different kinds of emotions as thoughts; there are no discrete emotions. Instantaneous: we use our "somatic markers" to gauge how we should act/make decisions, but evidence that people can make decisions solely based on external, not bodily, feedback. Cannon-bard theory: an emotion-provoking event leads simultaneously to an emotional and bodily reaction identification and bodily response happen simultaneously (cannon-bard identification and bodily response happen at different times (james-lange) Bodily language: nonverbal leakage- an unconscious spillover of emotions into nonverbal behaviour, gestures.