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Lecture 1

PSY 302 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Parenting Styles, Attribution Bias, Sibling Rivalry


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 302
Professor
Lixia Yang
Lecture
1

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PSY302/F2015/YANG 1
PSY302: Child Development (Fall 2015)
Week 11, Reading: Ch. 12-13
THE FAMILY AND PPERS
The Child in the Context
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model
Microsystem: The child, family, day care, preschool (direct influence on development)
Mesosystem: Schools, peer groups, relationship between mother and school
Exosystem: Parent’s work, school board, social media (environmental influence)
Macrosystem: Laws, social class context
Chronisystem:
Lecture Overview
Family
Parenting
Siblings
Peers
FAMILY
Family as a Social System
Family: A social system or network of reciprocal relationships
Family structure:
o Nuclear families (F + M + C)
o Extended families (Nuclear + relatives)
o Single-parent families
o Blended families
Functions of Family
Survival of offspring: attending to their needs.
Economic function: providing the means for them to acquire the skills and resources needed
to be economically productive.
Cultural training: teaching children the basic values of the culture.
Family Dynamics
Direct and Indirect Effects
Social support from sociocultural context
Developmental perspective: Family dynamics may change as children grows older, with
changes in parents and/or family structure.
Biological characteristics (e.g., temperaments) of family members affect family interactions
PARENTING
Parenting: Two Dimensions
Two Major Dimensions of parenting
Acceptance/responsiveness (permissiveness): the extent to which parents are supportive,
sensitive, and responsive.
Demandingness/control (restrictiveness): the amount of regulation and control that parents
undertake.
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