Morality: a set of principles and ideals that helps an individual to: Distinguish (cid:396)ight f(cid:396)o(cid:373) (cid:449)(cid:396)o(cid:374)g; so(cid:373)eti(cid:373)es thi(cid:374)gs a(cid:396)e(cid:374)"t just (cid:271)la(cid:272)k a(cid:374)d (cid:449)hite (cid:894)(cid:272)og(cid:374)iti(cid:448)e(cid:895) Feel pride in good conduct and guilt due to bad conduct (emotional) Moral maturity: motivation not based on reward/punishment (although it is when they are younger); but internalization of moral standards. Moral standard/monitor in what is acceptable socially and morally. Children traditionally identify themselves from the opposite sex. Modern psychoanalytic theorists: toddlers form conscience in a warm, mutually responsive relationship. Committed compliance (more likely to listen because you treat me nicely as well) Situational compliance (forcing a child to do a behavior; the child will act inconsistently depending on if there is a benefit or if the parent is present) Cognitive-developmental theory (the cognitive component): piaget + kohlberg + reasoning. Piaget"s stage theory: social situations to determine what children base their reasoning on. Morality of constraint (< 7 years): focus on the consequence of the action.