PSY 302 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Sensory Neuron, Object Permanence, Egocentrism

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12 Apr 2018
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Vie(cid:449) of childre(cid:374)"s nature: how children change their knowledge through their environment. Number conservation test (a child cannot understand numbers in all three aspects) Constructivist: a child will construct their knowledge through interaction of their environment. Intrinsically motivated to learn: they are curious and always wish to know more. Nature and nurture: nature and nurture interact to produce cognitive development. Adaptation: adjust or respond to the environment (assimilation/absorb, accommodation/adjust). Schemas are put together by the child and are always improved and grown upon. Three processes: assimilation: interpret new experiences with existing knowledge structure. Knowledge of a bird being a flying thing may carry into airplanes: accommodation: modify existing knowledge structure to interpret new experiences. One (cid:374)oti(cid:272)es that this o(cid:271)je(cid:272)t is(cid:374)"t flappi(cid:374)g its (cid:449)i(cid:374)gs a(cid:374)d does(cid:374)"t ha(cid:448)e feathers. The difference makes you change your perspective: equilibration: balance assimilation and accommodation to create stable understanding. Assimilation: be(cid:272)ause the s(cid:272)he(cid:373)a is that all fl(cid:455)i(cid:374)g o(cid:271)je(cid:272)ts are (cid:271)irds, (cid:455)ou (cid:272)all a pla(cid:374)e a (cid:862)(cid:271)ird(cid:863)

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