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Lecture 7

PSY 302 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Binocular Disparity, Classical Conditioning, Stereopsis

Course Code
PSY 302
Lixia Yang

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Concepts and Definitions
Sensation: Sensory receptors detect and process basic info from external world
Perception: Organization and interpretation of sensory input
Learning: Behaviours change as a result of experience
Early Controversies
Nature Vs. Nurture
Empiricists: (Nurture) infants must learn to interpret sensations
William James (1890) "blooming, buzzing confusion"
Nativists: (Nature) innate basic perceptual abilities
Differentiation Vs. Enrichment
Differentiation Theory (Gibson, 1969, 1987, 1992)
Integrated and independent of experience, can be interpreted on it's own
Children explore and learn to detect distinctive features
Enrichment Theory (Piaget, 1954, 1960)
Cognitive schemes, knowledge, experiences
Sensation and Perception
Vision and visual perception
Hearing and auditory perception
Taste and smell
Touch, temperature and pain
Least mature sense in newborns
Movement, colours, brightness, visual patterns
Require sharper visual contrasts
Poor visual acuity, blurry
Visual Perception
Pattern perception
Object perception
Depth perception
Early Pattern Preference
Early preference for:
Moderately complex pattern
Early Cognitive Foundations: Sensation, Perception
and Learning
Monday, February 25, 2019
10:35 AM
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