+ views of one"s self: positive relations w/ others. Self-determined w/ intrinsic motivation & self-referenced standards: environmental mastery. Effective mastery of environment to fulfill personal values: personal growth. Sense of development & self-fulfillment over time: purpose in life. Mainly anxiety & depression positively associated w/ exercise (therapeutic value) Effect = acute (immediate, temp)/ chronic (long-term, found w/ any form of exercise) Jogging & stress management groups experienced sig decrease in state anxiety overtime. Aerobic exercise (30-70% of max hr) = lowered state anxiety, higher tranquility scores. Moderate-intensity exercise = greatest positive effects in affective responses. Exercise > the lactate threshold = affective improvements for 30 min. State anxiety reduced for up to 24 hrs after exercise (effects last longer vs quiet rest/distraction), then returns to pre-exercise anxiety. Longer training programs = effective vs shorter ones. Exercise in the reduction of depression (moderate relationship) Places second to religion/spirituality as a remedy. Frequency can be related to reduction of symptoms.