PSY 621 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Begging, Witness Tampering

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10 Feb 2016
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CPSY 621 Psychology of human sexuality Oren Amitay
Lecture 10 - July 30, 2013.
Rigid thinking - ignorance and black and white thinking causes harm
Study "proved" "How often do men think about sex?" - people said every seven
or eight seconds - men think about sex seventeen times daily and women 15
times daily - - - Ridiculous study.
Next thing men think about most often is food.
The more people think about sex the more comfortable they are, thus more likely
to disclose information to researchers
2003 - survey (Harold and National Survey of Canadians over 18) (Photo)
How often do you think about sex? Questions were ridiculous - should define
questions better!
EXAM Like stereotype, men think about sex more than women
but reality it is B.S. (inaccurate)
Definition of sex ridiculous - not specific questions!
EXAM Every study until Lovecraft opened showed men greatest consumers
of pornography - Professor's mother’s Lovecraft store started trend
for women to think more about sex -
EXAM Study - Masturbation - How old were you when you started
All men masturbated by age 18
Vast majority started early - 62 percent by age of 12 and most
by 15
More women masturbated at a later age
Some never masturbated
Tony Bogaert and our Prof's survey re. masturbation
Schmitt, 2003 - intercourse coitus partners (meta-analysis - 52 countries)
Sex differences report wanting more partners than women (stereotypical
responses)
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Carroll and Hyde - sexually aroused females prefer to watch television or
undertake vigorous activity
Carroll and Hyde grouped number of partners they had - groupings too large
EXAM Carroll and Hyde (stupid)
- bad groupings of numbers -
- men were having more sexual activity than women -
but same study where not one women said after
one night stand that they felt satisfied - so numbers
are ridiculous
Big debate couple of years ago that said in 1950’s 65 percent of men compared
to 16 percent of women were sexually active - so who were they having sex with
1. Prostitutes
2. Homosexuals
3. Perhaps 15 percent of women were "really busy".
Probably just a discrepancy between reality and self-report -
Look at young women (stats) - 15 percent in 1950 - 31 percent of young women
actually said they had sex! Self-report reflected reality of becoming more
liberal at that time
EXAM Following Masters and Johnson study
1. oral sex spiked
2. oral sex has continued to increase (younger
generation).
EXAM Some researchers don't understand difference between self-report
and reality
EXAM Buss and Meston - Meston did research with Buss re. sex
-asked both genders "Why do you have sex"
Factor analysis of traits of hundreds of different responses
Computer spat out four categories re. reason people have sex
EXAM Compare Physical Goal Attainment Insecurity and Emotional
Categories - male and female
- Revenge sex - you dumped me I will have sex with your best
friend
- Reward
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- Insecurity - Self-esteem
- Emotional - Expression
Physical - pleasure
Goal Attainment - social status
Insecurity -
Emotional
How often do each of the motives drive you to have sex - how often was this the
reason the person had sex
PHYSICAL - MEN MORE LIKELY TO SAY REASON FOR SEX IS
PHYSICAL
- GOAL ATTAINMENT - MEN MORE LIKELY TO SAY
REASON FOR SEX IS GOAL ATTAINMENT
INSECURITY - MALES
EMOTIONAL - MEN HIGHER BUT NOT STATISTICALLY
SIGNIFICANT FROM FEMALES (MESTON AND
BUSS STUDY)
EXAM MESTON/BUSS-
MEN AND WOMEN HAD SIMILAR REASONS FOR
HAVING SEX (20 OUT OF TOP 25 REASONS
SAME FOR BOTH GENDERS FROM 237 REASONS)
EXAM MEN RATED HIGHER THAN WOMEN ON 137 REASONS
EXAM WOMEN HIGHER THAN MEN ON ONLY THREE REASONS
1. EXPRESS LOVE FOR PERSON
2. REALISED WAS IN LOVE
3 WANTED TO FEEL FEMININE
EXAM SCALE TOO SMALL (PROF DOES NOT TRUST ANY OF THESE
NUMBERS)
EXAM Prof - certain wording was wrong - did not want to appear sex
freak - numbers too low - RESULTS REFLECTED
SOCIAL DESIRABILITY - DISHONEST ANSWERING
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