Class Notes (835,108)
Canada (508,934)
Psychology (1,975)
PSY 102 (450)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Memory.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSY 102
Stephen Want

Lecture 7 – Memory • Some core piece of our psychological identity remains the same; however we change physically over time. • People do change through their personality • Example: Professor: socially awkward at a young age, but now feels more extravert than the past • We can change aspects of our personalities, however remains the same person. o We will be a slightly different version of ourselves • It is memory that helps justify (being the same individual from one time to another); the feeling of being the same person from the past to the present • Memories that allow you to recollect the past experiences of being a quiet, shy child and an awkward teenager • To a large extent, you are your memory • Your memory tells you who you are • For example: relationships with others, roles in society, places you’ve seen and done • There are genetic conditions; governed by biology that will allow you to retain certain aspects • Memory is fundamental to human experiences; allows us to have a coherent sense of identity • First stage of memory: sensory register – very short-lived representation of the information you take in from the outside world – transduced into electrochemical messages – raw and unanalyzed information – taking in sensations (visual information from the outside world) – wavelengths of light hitting our photoreceptors – takes in virtually everything – central executive; we pay attention to certain aspects => process the sensations (giving meaning) – perception (meaningful information) -> working (short term) memory • Closely tied to consciousness, things we are conscious of is the content of our short term memory • Learn something from the STM, which proceeds to the long term memory • We must retrieve the information within our long term memory • Sensory register: coined by Sperling (1960s) – presenting people with information very rapidly, for short period of time. What happens when information first enters your brain? Flashed a bunch of letters on the screen, report how many letters that you have seen and which letters they were? An array of letters was flashed. • Whole Report Condition – report the whole of the array – on average participants were able to recall four letters • Only four of the items were registered, the other letters were seen as a brief image • They only had time for the four letters (consciously), however the experience of seeing the other letters as an image • Partial Report Condition: see the same sort of array: a bunch of letters, post array cue (little arrow), a little arrow will come up to point at which row to report – seeing the whole array, but asked to report a specific row • Report three items in any row of letters • If participants are able to take in three items of a specific row, they should be able to report three letters from each row (puzzle), but they didn’t, they only got four letters • Interpretation: sensory register takes in everything, however can only recall some information that must be paid attention to enter the STM; relatively
More Less

Related notes for PSY 102

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.