Grammatically gender affects perceived meaning
Bridge in german and Spanish
German : feminine
Does language shape the way we think?
They do perceive our perception of the world and how you think
Sapir whorf hypothesis
The language that you speak determines the way you think about things/
organization of things
ExInuit and the word snow they have many words for snow not actually true
-strong version (linguistic determinism) ---> this is wrong
Language determines thought
Weak version ( linguistic relativism) -----> may be true
Language influences thought
Language and colour perception
Dani language (Papua New Guinea) Only 2 colour words ( dark vs light)
Does the size of the colour vocab affect colour cognition ??
No can still categorize objects by colours nd like English speakers respond
fastest to focal primary colours
Evidence against linguistic determinism!!
Does language shape how we think about time?
Time is an abstract one dimensional directional entity
Spatial metaphor is used across cultures and languages Specifics of that metaphor vary between cultures, e.g.:
Language and time continued
experiments conducted in English with native speakers of English and native
speakers of mandarin
If language shapes thoughts
Mandarin speakers should benefit from vertical prime
English speakers should benefit from horizontal prime
Mandarin speakers took a longer reaction time when it came to horizontal prime
English speakers took l