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Lecture

Biological Psychology Lecture 1 notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 324
Professor
Tara M Burke
Semester
Fall

Description
Biological Psychology ­ Study of psychological, genetic and developmental mechanisms of behavior ­ Importance in evidence­based practice  ­ Icons of biological psych  ­ Hippocrates : Father of western medicine, proposed the brain is the seat of thought and  emotion, using exercise and proper nutrition to nourish the brain, highlights the  importance of individual differences when linking biology to behavior  ­ Galen: Father of experimental Physiology, studied brain structure, linked biology and  behavior, 4 humors: phlegm, black and yellow bile, blood must be in balance for good  health ­ Descartes: Father of modern philosophy, notion of “reflex”, importance of the pineal  gland in the mind/ body relationship  ­ Mind­Body Problem: • Monism: • Dualism: ­ Muller: Experimental Physiology, doctrine of specific nerve energies, brain is divided by  functionality ­ Broca: Applied principle of experimental ablation by studying stroke patients, linking  brain area to certain behaviour, Brocas area of the brain is responsible specifically for  producing speech­ but has nothing to do with comprehending speech, Broca’s Aphasia  (often stroke or tumor related… video examples) ­ Cajal: Father of modern neuroscience, used Golgi strain to demonstrate that nerve cells  don't merge and are not continuous­ they do however connect at a synapse  ­ Hans Selye: Pioneering endocrinologist, existence of biological stress, coined “stress”­  subjected animals to stressful conditions then they will develop an ulcer  Biological Explanations of Behavior ­ Functional: reason why a behavior evolved (i.e. shivering) ­ Psychological: relates behavior to the activity of the brain/organs ­ Ontogenetic: describes how behavior developed via gene X enviro
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