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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - Decision Making.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 654
Professor
Benjamin Dyson
Semester
Winter

Description
CognitivePsychologyLecture13DecisionMakingFormsofReasoningDeductiveReasoningTopdownoTheabilitytodrawdefinitespecificconclusionsfromgeneralprinciplesoDeductionreliesonthejointcontributionofvalidityandtruthoWehavegeneralprinciplesandapplythesetospecificprinciplesoEgAllmoviesequelsareterrible300Riseisamoviesequel300RiseisterribleInductiveReasoningbottomupoTheabilitytodrawprobablygeneralconclusionsfromspecificexamplesoInductionreliesonevaluatingthequalityofevidenceoEgBrainthought300RisewasgoodLucythought300Risewasgoodso300RisewasgoodoProblemsoDependsontheopinionofthesampleneedtohavealargesamplesizeInductivereasoningdodataconformtohypothesisordotheysuggestsomethingelseconclusiontheoryconstructiondeductivereasoninggeneratinghypothesesobservationdatacollectionbacktoinductivereasoningandthecyclecontinuesDeductiveReasoningHasacertainargumentstructureInferencesaremadeonthebasisoflogicPremise1AllanimalsbreathePremise2AllbirdsareanimalsConclusionAllbirdsbreatheThereisanimportantdistinctiontomakeherebetweenthecontenttruefalseoftheargumentandtheformvalidinvalidoftheargumentoTheaboveisacasewherethesyllogismisbothvalidandtrue
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