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SOC 103 Lecture Notes - Gay Bashing, Reality Television, Heterosexism

Course Code
SOC 103
Tonya Davidson

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Defining genders
refers to the biological apparatus, the male and the female
rooted in biology
our physical selves
bodies are male or female or intersexed
masculinity and femininity
the sociology constructed characteristics associated with the sexes
associated with social
predominant gender story (dominant ideology about gender) -4 steps
bodies are born in 2 types: male and female
challenge: intersected (mixture of male and female )
bodies are gendered masculine and feminine
challenge: transgendered
bodies are attracted to opposite type bodies
challenge: gay people
reproduction of bodies and gender
is produced/reproducced through borderwork
baby showers
gay bashing
government policies
reading children stories -prince and princesses
chickflicks etc
dichotomous thinking/binary construction
based on binaries:black/white, male/female, homo/hetero
not equal -binaries
the binaries are not stable…they require borderwork (social sanctions that ensure that
these gender ideals seem natural, universal and timeless)
border work -the
are rational
physically strong
gain wisdom with age are independent
are independent
"report talk"
are emotional
physically weak
lose sex appeal (and therefore value) with age
dependent on men (for power, validation)
rapport talk
hemegmonic masculinity
white, old, obviously heterosexual, in control, independent, rich
race, class, ability
Masculinity studies
Connell (1995/2011, pg356)
qualitatively different types (of masculinity) produced with the same social setting
types of masculinity for a hierarchy
differences not a matter of FREE CHOICE
differences created by race, ethnicity, class, age sexual orientation
Emphasized femininity
complies with their own subordination to men
ex. cheerleader, generally and socially, be nurturing
supportiveness, sexual attractiveness, not on the cover of forbes
Infantilizing Women
innocent, want sex, some objectify themselves
focus on: women and reality tv by: jennifer pozner
catty & manipulative
gold diggers -women are economically dependent
Patriarchal dividend
the advantage of men as a group from maintaining an equal gender order
Sociology of sexualities
sexuel orientation
sex acts
commodification of sex
sexual politics
phallocentrism -our understanding of heterosexuality is phallocentric
pleasure for males -from a males perspective
metaphors for genitalia
the female orgasm
freud (early 1900s)
are like mini male orgasms
kinsey (1950s)
women have different types of orgasms
feminism (1970)
The sexual double standard:
those who have many sexual relations experience gendered consequences; men are
heralded as 'studs', while women are marked as 'sluts' (page111)
Compliments for being sexually active
player romeo
discourses of female sexuality
are idealized
women have less sexual desires
are morally required to control the insatiable desires of men
celebrated in figure of the bride
women are withholding (have/hold discourse)
women privilege love & romance over sex
naive, unknowing and innocent, doesn't have enough knowledge
are objectified
are available to fulfill the sexual desires and fantasies of men
are object to be leered at, fondled, harassed
are subject to male violence
celebrated in pornography
knowing, experienced, can be taken advantage of