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Lecture #4 - Feudalism, the social roots of capitalism

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Ryerson University
SOC 103
Kelly Train

July 3rd CSOC103 Feudalism - The social rots of capitalism 1. social classes 2. commodity production; the growth of the market place 3. new class relations; the rise of agrarian capitalism and the growth of the capitalist market place A. Accumulation of capital B. Increasingly available labour force C.Advances in Technology 4. The rise of the nation state 5. The development of capitalism in Canada; Mercantilism Early slavery society - you need slaves for agricultural production or you become a slave 5th to 15th centuries - how to live these typical society (Rome, mesopotamia etc... the eras when the society needed slavery to maintain their society) Feudal era or Middle ages or Medival Ages (including Dark ages) Feudal Society (Europe, Asia..all regions) 1000 to 1500s “Feudal Society” -> Slavery Society merged in Feudal society There is nothing you could change -> Caster Society -> that is what God intended,,,if you were born as a slave, then just live as a slave.... Social Class 1st class - Monarchs/Aristocracy/Nobility..with Title the name of the land (“kingdom-huge land” the name of the land is the titile for landlord) Kingdom - manoriazism system society -> village -> land holder ->not owner ->landlords(his wife is land lady) the landlord is responsible for people who dosent have a title with their name to protect them in their land.(people, land and village) it is not a country since there is no right for people Agricultural Society - > center of village is landlord’s house, and the son of the landlord will be the next landlord. 2nd class - Serf/farmers/peasants -> not slaves, but extra economic control these people, the 1st class needed their private army and let them serve. Common land for commoners...the ones without any title before their name 3rd class - Craftsmen/Artisans (also living in common land), how they become this class? -> just their parents were doing the same their children are doing .. 4th class - Catholic church(pope had more power than any mornach) -the role of it is to keep and maintain the society going the same way in the name of religion. “Luck” brings right for 1st class cuz they dont work and have high privilege -To tell lower class peopl to shut up and work, God intended you to be peasants, so no question, just live as peasant which leads to good live after death in the heaven -The role of the Catholic Church - the reason why society let them have more power 5th class - Traders & merchants - 1st people who needed money to invest they did not belong to common lands and were not required to be christian since they were out of the villages, but their job was dangerous,,,,buy stuff with cheap price through traveling, then selling them with high cost to get high margins...these group could be consisted of minor religion groups 6th class - Tax collector - dangerous job 7th class - money lenders - extremely dangerous job since money lending was illegal in Catholic Jews started business. Commodity Society commodity -> object -> exchange (buying and selling) ->competitions by money system led to capitailism New Class relation A+B+C(A. Accumulation of capital B. Increasingly available labour force C.Advances in Technology) Marco Polo, the 1st Merchant traders who traveled Asia and bring stuff from there to europe, through silk road, which was kinda safe, no worries about kidnaaped or killing unlike sea traders 1. silk-tailors 2. Spices, salt 3. rice/noodle 4. tea 1492 Christopher Columbus, not merchants, hired by Mornachs Spain and Portugal - powerful countries “Inquisition” - how they made money? they took all of their money and kicked them out from countries Christopher claimed “Colonization” in western india, ATM there was no Africa/north america on the map, put the cross on the land. meaning God is the 1st then 2ndly Spanish Mornachs 1496 South America was divided into 2 pieces, controlled by Portugal and Spain Privateers - > pirates what they found in south america? 1. gold 2. Chocolate 3.tomatoes 4. potatoes 2. abnormal people -> they resisted to be their slaves cuz they sucided rather than becoming a slave, now it was the time to bring slaves from Africa From Europe -> Resource extraction -> Africa -> slave trading -> Caribbean -> monoculture crops This was the 1st globalization -> colonization The rise of the Nation State 1500s Bourgeoisie looking for people who work Proletarias (Working class) Landlord -> political power vs. Bourgeoisie -> more money Church out, companies in the village Capitalist company Mornachies out and people in -> nation -> citizen with right Marx looked at political economy - Economic organization of society –which formed the new forms of society - How did societies transform and become capitalist society - An enlightment theorist writing in the age of reason and modern - His answer was to change society to be reasonable - How societies turned in to forging societies - Early agrarian society was not black slaves – when old Testiment was written – early agricultural and how to live - how to treat your slaves and how to live your life - religion began with how to live your lives and societies - up to ancient Rome th th - started from the 5 and 15 century – 1400s – late 1500s called the feudal era – middle ages – medieval ages - also include the dark ages – early middle ages - Feudal societies were not particular to European (looking at context) th - Many societies are still forging societies in the 20 century up till today with Brazil rainforest now decaying SOCIAL CLASSES - Started feudalism society (no slaves) from Agrarian society - Feudal society – a cast system, you’re born into your place in society – you were unlucky if born into a low class society - Monarch had authority to fall from a noble social class to a surf position in society - kiss up to the monarch - All monarchs answered to the catholic church – Pope - had absolute authority throughout Europe - Monarchs/Aristocracy/Nobility - claimed land and called a Kingdom (like Maharajas) - only person in society who owned land was monarch - needed the Nobility to manage and protect his land due to many claimed land - Manoralism – became parceled off (of land) – Feudal era - also known as Villages - Nobility were allowed to live in the Manor – not land owners but land HOLDERS, had particular title of Landlord - You were called Lord of ______ (name of village) - Comrade black – Lady Diana family from landlords - Present - when you buy a house your name is the Deed of Title dates back - No such thing as rights in society - You inheritate the land – the male (son) - Serfs/Peasants - No longer slaves in chains - Extra economic coercion – duties to protect the serfs - had a private army who were surfs and agricultural works - and taken into domestic services in the ‘House’ - Manor – now known as a Gated community – with a gate around the property with guards to around to ensure that enemies to get in or out - duty and obligation - surfs paid rent to landlords – rent paid till the 1300s was paid in agricultural produce - each surf family was placed in each plots of land and responsible to farm the landlords land - Commons land – landlord set aside farmed strictly by the surfs where they grew their produce what they eat – for the common people – untitled - spent very little time farming their own land – impoverished – lived in a one room shack - Craftsmen/Artisans - must be part of an association to work as a craftsmen/artisan – like a degree (medical) - You had to be Christian to be part of all the classes - Catholic Church - Christian meant Catholic – played enormous role in Feudal society - Pope had more power than any monarch - dictated
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