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Lecture #11 - History of Sex

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SOC 103
Kelly Train

Lecture #11 – History of Sex August 1, 2012 1. What is sex? What is gender? 2. Intersexed identities 3. Philosophic and medical models of the body a. One sex model 1250-1750 - Meant that men and women shared the same body (male body) - Plato said that it was important for both male and female to orgasm at the same time to conceive - This changes with the two sex model as Freud comes in – the importance of the orgasm is lost - Said that men were “stronger” and more powerful because their genitals were extroverted - Who you had sex with had nothing to do with your own genitals – same sex was completely normal, for entirely pleasurable reasons - Only thing that was taboo was to have sex with someone of the same social status o Men were having sex with women of lower classes, boys, slaves, etc. b. Two sex model 1750-Present - The enlightenment - The structure of patriarchy was still at a height - Now everything about men’s and women’s bodies is seen as different, they’re looked at as different species - “interior testicles” are now called ovaries - “inverted scrotum” is your cervix - This was to reinforce that men and women don’t share anything similar - They liked to talk about the way the body operated in very gendered ways o Strong sperm, fighting each other off o Egg lies there passive, waiting to be penetrated - Historically, 20% of women had sex with other partners behind their husbands backs if their husbands were incapable of impregnating them 4. History of heterosexuality - Michel Foucault – believed that there was no such thing as heterosexuality and therefore no homosexuality because everyone had sex with everyone – so there was just sexuality - He’s looking at social and moral structures - how to went from having sex for pleasure, to sex with a purpose, sex that was heavily regulated – and only for the purposes of procreation - Until the 18 century, there was no differentiation - Mary Louise Adams – she starts to look at how in the 1830s, as part of the Enlightenment process, there was a need to classify things as normal or abnormal behaviour - This included doing surveys on people’s sexuality and what they were doing - SMVD? Best
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