- A minority is a group of people that are socially disadvantaged. There are two
components to them. One is that they have a lack of power (in comparison to the
majority); the second is that they can be distinguished from the majority. An example of
something that distinguishes a minority group can be one’s ethnicity.
- Prejudice is a prejudgement; it’s when you judge someone before you’ve even met
them. It’s irrational, long lasting and not based on fact.
- Race is a group of people who were physically and genetically distinguished from other
- Racialization is the process of attributing complex characteristics (athletic abilities,
intelligence, etc.) to certain races
- Judging someone based on their minority group’s attributes is a mistake known as
ecological fallacy. (Example would be assuming an Asian man/woman is smart in Math
just because their ethnic group is known to excel in Math).
- Judging a group based on someone’s attributes is a mistake known as exception fallacy.
(Example would be assuming all Asians are smart in Math just because one Asian
man/woman excels in Math).
- Racism is the belief that one race is superior to another
- Discrimination is the act of denying advantages to members of a particular group
- Racialized people have an invisible heavy backpack
- Macintosh – White privileges is like an invisible back pack
- Dichotomous thinking:
o Unequal power relations