Class Notes (838,384)
Canada (510,870)
Sociology (2,265)
SOC 104 (195)
Lecture 4

Feb 01 notes week 4.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

SOC 104
Graeme Metcalf

Feb 01. 2012 Chapter 3: Culture 1. Defining culture 2. Elements of culture 3. Interpreting culture (Monday’s tutorial) Culture is a system involving behaviour, beliefs, knowledge, practices, values, and material such as buildings tools and sacred items However, culture is contested -there is not total agreement as to what culture is Authenticity One of the points of contestation is authenticity Views of authenticity is widely and often differ between groups and individuals For Jean-Paul Sartre, jazz music was a representation of freedom This may have been in part because jazz was associated with African American culture and was thus in opposition to Western culture generally, which Sartre considered hopelessly inauthentic An opposing view of authenticity: Theodor Adorno considered the predominant cultural norms to be inauthentic. Not only because they were seen as forced on people, but also because, in themselves, they required people to behave inauthentically towards their own desires, obscuring their true self. Dominant Culture vs. Subculture and Counter Culture Dominant culture The culture that through its political and economic power is able to impose its values language and… Canada’s dominant culture: English speaking, white, heterosexual, male, university grad of European background between 25-55 in good health who and a home in a middle class neighbourhood in Ontario Subculture A group of people who share a distinctive set of cultural beliefs and behaviours that differ in some significant way but are not opposed to the dominant culture. Counterculture Groups that reject t selected elements of the dominant culture High Culture vs. Popular Culture and Mass Culture High culture The culture of the elite (e.g. arts such as opera, ballet and classical music) High culture requires a set of skills and knowledge known as cultural capital, which sets the elite apart from the masses Popular Culture The culture of the majority Generally, we would consider television programs, music videos, and fast food restaurants part of a popular culture It is created by those in power for the masses Simulacrum: a feature of mass culture, simulcar are cultural images or stereotypes associated with groups of people - Simulacra is likely to be considered more real than what actually exists Used to describe a representation, such as a statue or a painting especially of a god. By the late 19th century, it had gathered a secondary association of inferiority; an image without the substance or qualities of the original Frederic Jameson: Offers photorealism as an example of simulacrum, where a painting is sometimes created by copying a photograph that is itself a copy of the real. *sometimes the copy of the real can be more real than the real itself (copy can surpass real) Simulacrum Beer (1999) employs the term to illustrate the formation of a sign or iconographic image has become iconic in the landscape E.g. Nationalism and the role of the image I the construction of a nationalist discourse Discourse A formalized way of thinking that can be manifested through language, a social boundary defining what can be said about a specific topic. As Judith Butler puts it, “the limits of acceptable speec
More Less

Related notes for SOC 104

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.