Race and Ethnicity continued
Perspectives on race and discrimination
Functionalism- what are the functions of racial prejudice?
-dysfunctions of racial prejudice:
-discrimination aggravates social problems- it lends to inequalities
-racial barriers are hard to maintain, apartheid required a large police state
Conflict theorists say: if you’re silent about racism, you’re part of the problem
-exploitation theory: racial discrimination is used to create different subsets of the working class and
therefore differential wages. We can see the extremes of this in the colonial period.
-tensions happen between the working class because there is racial fragmentation
-it is an ongoing process of reconstructing solitary and class consciousness
-immigrant groups are paid less
Split Labour Market theory: construct the labour market to take advantage of racialized categories ,
structure it into the work, so you have different people doing different work
-internal colonialism, when one group becomes subject to oppressive conditions
-both gender and racalization affect people and equality
-minority women are doubly disadvantaged as a result of their gender
Contact Hypothesis- more contact between people of different groups reduces prejudice and causes
them to abandon stereotypes.
Clip- Miss Canadiana
-performance artist created a character that challenged assumptions of what it means to be a black
woman in Canada. Challenge ideas of what it means to be a Canadian.
-she attracted attention in many whiter parts of Canada. She wondered why her race was an issue in
what is supposed to be a multicultural country.
-she dressed up as “Miss Canadiana” and received positi