SOC 503 Lecture Notes - Cross-Dressing, Missionary Position, Street Prostitution

34 views7 pages
26 Nov 2012
Lecture 5:
Sex for Money
It’s treating people as a “means to an end” in this case “my sexual gratification”
Instead of this:
We should always treat people as “ends in themselves” this is “dignity”
The above comes from the great German philosopher Emmanuelle Kant (1724-1804)
C.O.Y.O.T.E. = “Call off your old tired ethics”
Hermaphrodites or Intersex:
-biological sexuality is not always clear cut
-in rare cases we have hermaphroditism
-South African woman ran in women’s race and won
-had been tested and found to have intersex qualities
-elevated levels of testosterone
-had male testes that are internal
-the word hermaphrodite comes from Greek mythology
- Greek god Hermes and goddess Aphrodite
-the Greeks stood in awe of this condition and though its origin was super natural
-sometimes these characteristics are internal
-sometimes people have both male and female genitalia
-the cultural side has generally been uneasy w/ sexual ambiguity
-this is not the case w/ all cultures
-in Thailand, it’s generally accepted w/ relatively little stigma (negative label)
-NavajoAboriginal group in South West part of the USA
-also look on it w/ awe and as something supernatural
-people who were intersex became influential people in the tribe
-may have transplants to function as normal males and females
-some deliberately change their sex
-someone who is prepared to undergo therapy and surgery to change their sex
-gender identity is out of synch w/ the body
-sometimes a person’s identity doesn’t line up w/ their biology
-some people are convinced that they are a “woman in a man’s body” or vice versa
-this kind of surgery is covered by OHIP in Canada
-gender rolesexpectations about how males and females are supposed to act
-men who are absolute “fuss pots”/extremely concerned about their appearance
-these men are heterosexuals
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
-ex. David Beckham
-caused by nature or nurture?
Nurture: homosexuality is found among our closest evolutionary relative
-chimps, baboons, gorillas
-you also find it in other mammals therefore it suggest a biological root
-found in all cultures and apparent in all times in history
-Greek phalanx (formation in army)
-when that formation breaks than you’re in big trouble
-in order to maintain the solidarity of the Phalanx, soldiers were encouraged to participate in homosexual
-it may well be that sexual preference is flexible and can be learned
-in prisons, both male and female prisons, homosexual behaviour is widespread
-these people go into prison as heterosexuals, while in prison they engage in homosexuality, and when
they leave they return to their heterosexual behaviour
-this may be the reason why people can be bisexual
Gender roles:
-in our society it has recently legalized homosexual marriage
-54% of Canadians approve these changes
-still problems w/ this in the states
-tolerance for homosexuality has increased over time
-sociologists have less interest in the origins of homosexuality b/c there is substantial evidence that homosexuality
is biologically determined
-homosexuality is less stigmatized
-there has been political agitation by the gays and lesbian community
-psychiatric associationslooked at homosexuality as a mental disorder
-after political agitation, they dropped that view
-don’t like to follow gender role expectations
-sometimes cross-dressers
-very often they will engage in traditional female activities
-in traditional cultures (tribal)they make room for men who don’t want to be warriors but instead want to live
w/ women and engage in women activities
-ex. Aboriginal in the Americas
The culture of sex:
-when sociologists speak of sex they talk about biology
-gender is the social construction of sex
-culture shapes that biological drive
-our sexual practices are shaped by culture
-by contrast, grasshoppers have sex in a genetically programmed way
-have mating rituals that take specific form
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.