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SOC 885
Zahra Hojati

SOC885: The Vstl in their Mind and our Heads January 31 , 2014 Western Feminist’s Perspective Toward Hijab - The work is based on author’s own experience and historical sources which challenges the western hegemony over representation of hijab - Concept of labeling/judging other, based on one’s privilege (place of bitch, nationality, dressing etc) what is good for western women is good for all other women in a racist notion - Pain for muslim women with hijab who are rejected in western society (concept of normalization, inclusion, etc.) Some main issues of the article: - Hijab is static and unchanging/dynamic and powerful. - Complexity concept of hijab, how it is shaped? And why? - The concept of patriarchy, andocentric, sexism, racism, secularism, nation-satate relationship, Islamic feminism. Social-economic changes and its impact on Middle Eastern Women th - End of 18, and starting in the 19 century, west challenges veil in muslim cultures. - The concept of modernity, nation-state, colonialism can be challenged. - The story of one of thousands and one nights, in the west is challenging oriental women, their clothing, domination by men. - The role of western feminism in perpetuating negative image of muslim women. th - In the 20 century informal social institutions, class alliances, and kin networks gradually broke down and women’s movement in the middle east started to grow. - The tendency of western scholarly work and the colonial power to present a uni- dimensional islam and a sameness society of muslims for ignoring their diversification of social-cultural-economic-political aspects. - Assimilation: deny your own culture and values. - Integration: trying to make a connection between what you believe and others believe. Original History of Hijab - It is rooted in pre Islamic and originates in non-arab middle east and Mediterranean societies. - The first reference to veiling is in an Assyrian legal text in 13 century BC. - Quran refers to prophet’s women and other believing women. - Veiling in Iran times of safavids, and in Egypt started in ottoman empire and expanded in middle east and north Africa. - Surat el nour refers to this more. - Translation of ayah #20: “Tell the believing men to reduce some of their vision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, allah is acquainted with what they do.” - Translation of ayah: “and tell the believing women to reduce some of their cieion and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except
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