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Class Notes for Philosophy at Saint Mary's University

Exam Study Guides for Philosophy Courses

Covers all exam topics.

PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Thesis Statement, Vagueness, Ad Hominem

Arguments Against Authority Arguments against authority -reverse of an appeal to authority Might argue: -that the authoritys credentials are questionable -no degree -not from a real school ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Sport Utility Vehicle, Ad Hominem

Ethotic Schemes argument that appeal to perceived character/ credibility When we don't have time/resources/ knowledge to investigate ourselves Pro Homine Argument where we are asked to accept a conclusion on the ba...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture 10: PHIL 1200 BYY

Arguments from Analogy Analogy: comparison between two or more different things by identifying similar features they both possess The things being compared: the analogues Analogies: sometim...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Human Geography, Slippery Slope

Scientific Reasoning What is scientific reasoning, as opposed to, say, philosophical reasoning, or everyday reasoning? Look to the various sciences: physics, biology, economics, human geography -many methods ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Black Ice

Particular Causal Reasoning Two kinds of causal reasoning: -general -particular Both are reasoning about cause and effect General causal reasoning is reasoning about types of events. Particular causal reasoning ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Causal Reasoning

Polling Surveys used to determine what proportion of people in a group have a given property. Polls are a kind of generalization. Sampling errors: Size: sample needs to be large enough Representative: easy to make...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Common Source

Sufficiency A strong argument creates presumption in favour of accepting the conclusion Presumption: all else equal, justified in accepting it No perfect rules for determining sufficiency, but some things t...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Vagueness

Acceptability Would the particular audience that is being addressed accept the premise without any further support? Is the premise a reasonable claim? (Think: universal audience - audience of reasonable people- would ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Differentia, Circular Definition, Extensional And Intensional Definitions

Formulation definitions Purpose of a definition: to enable your reader or audience to understand quickly and precisely how you are using a particular term, and to point out how a term is generally used Conventional me...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Euphemism

Hidden or suppressed assumptions in conversation Sometimes it is intentional, sometimes it is not Sometimes is it obvious, sometimes it is not Need to learn the skill of identifying hidden assumptions, especially wh...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Modus Ponens

Arguments on the hoof or in the wild, in their natural settings VS Arguments that are dressed Simple arguments: one conclusion Extended arguments: a main conclusion, and premises offered, and one or more premise is ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
PHIL 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Windsor Star

PHIL 1200 Argument indicator words -Premise indicators -Because -Since -Given that -Conclusion indicators -So -Therefore -It follows that As critical thinkers, our aim in general is to determine whether ther...

Philosophy
PHIL 1200
Patrick Bondy
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
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