ARCH 100 Lecture Notes - Foxtail Millet, Kuahuqiao Site, Yangshao Culture

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Published on 12 Sep 2012
School
Simon Fraser University
Department
Archaeology
Course
ARCH 100
Professor
ARCH 100 February 7th, 2011
Agriculture in China
- At least two primary centres of early domestication, Huang Ho River in north, Yangtze River
in southern China
Huang Ho River Basin, China
- Northern China along Huang Ho River, foxtail millet and pigs domesticated first
- P’ei-li-kang Cultures, 6300-5100 BC
- Riverine and loess (windblown soils)
- Hoe and digging stick agriculture
- Village movement when soil exhausted
Yangshao Culture
- 483200 BC in Huang Ho Basin
- Ban-po-ts’un is most famous Yangshao site
- Village of about 100 horses, with defensive wall
- pigs, millet, several nuts, hemp for cloth, possibly silk as well
- Cemeteries, pottery kilns
Yangshao Pottery
- Naturalistic Yangshao pottery is famous as early Chinese art style, expert potters
Yangtze River Basin, Southern China
- Separate reion of agricultural development
- Wet rice paddy agriculture developed from 6000-4500 cal BC
- Number of sites in Yangtze Delta show this transition
Yangtze Rice Domestication
- At 7000 cal BC Shangshan site has wild rice varieties, with pottery
- 5500 cal BC Kuahuqiao site shows transition from wild to domesticated rice
- By 4500 cal BC at Hemudu have intensive paddy farming of fully domesticated rice
Kuahuqiao
- 5700 to 5500 cal BC, extensive analysis of pollen, phytoliths
- small village of houses on wooden pilings in tidal estuary
- Environment heavily altered by human fires, creating rice and cattail environment
- Domestic pig and dog, but mostly reliant on wild plant and animal resources from rich
estuary environment
- Rice is transitional from wild to domesticated species, not fully domesticated at 5500 cal BC
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Document Summary

At least two primary centres of early domestication, huang ho river in north, yangtze river in southern china. Northern china along huang ho river, foxtail millet and pigs domesticated first. Village of about 100 horses, with defensive wall. Pigs, millet, several nuts, hemp for cloth, possibly silk as well. Naturalistic yangshao pottery is famous as early chinese art style, expert potters. Wet rice paddy agriculture developed from 6000-4500 cal bc. Number of sites in yangtze delta show this transition. At 7000 cal bc shangshan site has wild rice varieties, with pottery. 5500 cal bc kuahuqiao site shows transition from wild to domesticated rice. By 4500 cal bc at hemudu have intensive paddy farming of fully domesticated rice. Kuahuqiao small village of houses on wooden pilings in tidal estuary. 5700 to 5500 cal bc, extensive analysis of pollen, phytoliths. Environment heavily altered by human fires, creating rice and cattail environment.

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