ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Melanocortin 1 Receptor, Neanderthal 1, France 5

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Bipolar view of neanderthals (different or close from us) Try to understand them for their sake and no debate on whether they are like us or not. Debate on whether they are same (homo sapiens neanderthalensis) or separate species from us. The debate on biological definition of species= organism that successfully produce offspring, successfully interbreed. Important fossils: 1829-30 engis cave, belgium (earliest fossil). De(cid:271)ate o(cid:374) (cid:1005)(cid:1012)(cid:1012)(cid:1010) p(cid:455)(cid:859)d o(cid:396)(cid:374)eau beligu(cid:373) (cid:894)(cid:1006) adult (cid:374)ea(cid:374)de(cid:396)tal skeleto(cid:374)s(cid:895). B(cid:455) the ti(cid:373)e these skeleto(cid:374)s (cid:449)e(cid:396)e discovered, clear that these skeletons all the same features. A number of similar fossils proved they were members of an ancient population, not diseased modern humans. 1890s-1930 very productive years for discoveries of neandertal remains no laws about digging up an archaeological site. Krapina croatia (1899)- successful found up to 2 dozen individuals. Important site that has strong claim neandertals were intentionally have burials. Initially found 6 individuals (adult male, female, 3 children, 1 infant)

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