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Lecture

week 10 Lecture Notes Unit 10.1(con't) and Unit 11.1(full)


Department
Archaeology
Course Code
ARCH 131
Professor
Dennis Sandgathe

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These notes are a continuation of the section 10.1 notes posted the week before.
Section 11.1 begins on page 3.
Developed out of handaxe technology?
Earliest forms in Africa c.400k
Appears in Europe c.400k
Levallois technology (most famous form of prepared core)
Provide a certain level of standardization in flake products
Can provide products with specific shapes: long narrow blades, triangular
Produce flakes with increased edge length to raw material volume
(economical of raw material)
Are versatile
one can modify the technique to suit end
-
product needs or
raw material shapes
Advantages:
Involves delayed returns and so represents forethought and planning (but so did
Acheulian handaxes much earlier)
Mode 3: Prepared core technology (400k
-
40k years ago)
Long, narrow flakes are considered as "blades"
more cutting edge per raw material volume
easier to modify into specific shapes
much more like a modern knife
Advantages:
Associated with the late stone age in Africa, really common 40,000 years ago
Mode 4: Blade technology (40k
-
12k years ago)
Very small blades
-
"microliths" are placed onto shaft with resin, this is called a
"composite tool"
Increased cutting edge to raw material volume
If any pieces break off the composite tool, it can be replaced with another
one
Advantages
Mesolithic period, starting about 10
-
12kya
Mode 5: Microlithtechnology (12k
-
)
wood
bark
grass
hide
hair
glues/resins
Bone, ivory, antler
Common raw materials include:
Containers and cordage are two important components.
Clothing in colder regions? (hides mostly)
Among modern hunter
-
gatherers
Rare use of bone for making tools
Little evidence for preparation of animal hides
No evidence of basketry
Prior to 40,000 years ago
Non
-
Lithic material culture during the Palaeolithic
10.1 Palaeolithic Material Culture
November-01-11
4:33 PM
Unit 10
-
Palaeolithic Material Culture Page 1
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No evidence of basketry
No evidence of cordage
Some evidence of glues/resins by 200kya, ex: tree sap and bitumin
Wood?
300,000 years old
4 wooden spears, each about 2m long
Remains of 20 horses with butchery marks
3 wooden tools with grooves cut in their ends (handles?) and a digging stick
Wooden tools from Schoningen, Germany
Lehringen, Germany
-
spear found with elephant remains 130kya
Clacton channel, England
-
spear made of yew wood 200
-
250 kya
Other very old wooden artificats
Very rare prior to 40,000 years ago
Pre
-
40,000
-
year
-
old bone tools, very simple, crude shaping of the end of a bone;
found at Blombos Cave South Africa 75kya
Bone tools?
Terra Amata, Nice, France
-
400000
-
year
-
old campsite with evidence of structures
(postholes)
La Grotte du Lazeret, France
-
150,000
-
year
-
old cave site with evidence of a structure
Site modification and structures?
No evidence of when clothing appeared
Clothing
Unit 10
-
Palaeolithic Material Culture Page 2
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