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Lecture

ARCH 131 Lecture Notes - Atapuerca Mountains, Mount Carmel, Vindija Cave


Department
Archaeology
Course Code
ARCH 131
Professor
Dennis Sandgathe

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Neandertal : "New man valley"
1839 Engis Cave, Belgium (unnoticed at first because it was hard to distinguish the child's
skull from a human's)
1848 Forbes Quarry, Gibraltar
1856 Felderhofer Cave, Neandertal, Germany
1886 Spy d’Orneau, Belgium (2 skeletons)
Finding a number of such similar fossils proved that they were members of an ancient
population, not diseased moderns.
Remains of up to 80 individuals
Dated to 130,000 years ago
Remains all fragmented (no complete crania)
Lots of cut
-
marks and burning
-
cannibalism?
Krapina, Croatia (1899)
1908
Complete skeleton
Intentional burial?
Old man with arthritis
50,000
-
60,000 years ago
La Chapelle
-
aux
-
Saints, France
1908 and 1914
An adolescent and a neonate (newborn)
Intentional burials?
40,000 years ago
Le Moustier, France
1907
-
1922
Adult male, adult female, 3 children, and 1 infant/fetus
4th child found in 1973
Initially 6 individuals
Intentional burials?
60,000 years ago
La Ferrassie, France
3 important cave sites
11 partial skeletons
Most intentional burials
"robust" form: Kebara, 45
-
65000 bp
"finer
-
featured" form: Tabun 120
-
150000 bp
Two different neandertal types:
Tabun and Kebara
Skhul
Mount Carmel, Israel
1957
-
1961
9 individuals
Intentional burials?
45,000
-
60,000 years ago
One of the skeletons (#4) may have been buried with wild flowers
Shanidar Cave, Iraq
1890s
-
1930s Very productive years for discoveries of Neandertal remains
Homo (sapiens) neanderthalensis
November-15-11
2:36 PM
Unit 12 Homo neanderthalensis Page 1
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