ARCH 201 Lecture Notes - California Environmental Quality Act, Kennewick Man, Dime (United States Coin)

94 views5 pages
ARCH 201 Week 14 Lecture
Does the Past Have a Future?
Consulting Arch vs Cultural Resource Management
90%+ archs in NA involved in CRM
Seeing more of this recently
Lots of kinds of work in discipline
Why CRM?
Identity: In NA, mostly Native, as most are immigrants
Education: Importance of resources and nonrenewable nature (also gov)
Tourism: Not a lot in BC for arch sites. Some places not as visible as others - pyramids vs pit houses
Safeguard the database: preserve stuff for future generations
CRM definition:
Managing places, items, phenomena of arch or historical interest
Managing human cultural environment - human past
Register of Professional Archaeologists - not just to publish journals, public can also go for grievances
related to arch and archs
Ie, arch butcher something he was supposed to study
Don't have to be a member - to be a member, need Masters and experience - lots of different skills, more
than academic arch
CRM archs need:
Thorough education in arch method and theory
Extensive field exp - easy to get
Lab analysis skills - important if you want to keep working beyond the field contract - people who can dig
are a dime a dozen
Business management skills
People management and human relations skills
Know historic preservation laws
Heritage Preservation Laws
vary widely by location, stronger in US than Canada, no consistency in Canada (no fed legislation)
In BC have Heritage Conservation Act - anything before 1856 is protected. Everything after is not.
Not strongly enforced
Arch branch in Victoria, who have to enforce laws, very few people. Under control of Ministry of Forests.
US has federal and local laws
Section 106 most important (Historic Preservation Act)
Anything > 100 years old must be checked out before destruction
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Better enforced than in BC as more people involved, but still often broken
California has more laws - has California Environmental Quality Act - brings it to anything > 50 - all
upgrades would have to match old style
Most arch resources become potentially eligible for inclusion on National Registry of Historic Places
Big diff between eligible and on - almost EVERYTHING eligible
Eligibility relates to historic events and people
People CRMs deal with
Proponents
Government
Concerned groups
Conservation ethic
Who owns the past?
Stewardship
Reburial, repatriation
Example of Kennewick Man
Lots of politics on sites
Being used for a lot of different things - used by pol with various intentions
Establish identity and authority
Authority - demonstrate long term occupation and claim to resources - Culturally modified trees -
occupation and tradition validate authority
Identity - struggle for recognition and legitimacy in Western society perceived as question of identity
CRM and Public Education
Not used as often as it should be
Help people understand arch as a discipline
Perceptions:
Students: study of the past
Academics: arch = history
General adult pop: geology and paleontology
Most don't understand arch record, think of arch as having little importance
What should public learn?
Arch done terrible job of education people of value of heritage resources
Future of CRM:
Laws persist, grow as academic and business
International firms
Globalization
Careers:
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Consulting arch vs cultural resource management: 90%+ archs in na involved in crm, seeing more of this recently, lots of kinds of work in discipline. Why crm: identity: in na, mostly native, as most are immigrants, education: importance of resources and nonrenewable nature (also gov, tourism: not a lot in bc for arch sites. Some places not as visible as others - pyramids vs pit houses: safeguard the database: preserve stuff for future generations. Heritage preservation laws: vary widely by location, stronger in us than canada, no consistency in canada (no fed legislation, in bc have heritage conservation act - anything before 1856 is protected. Everything after is not: not strongly enforced, arch branch in victoria, who have to enforce laws, very few people. Future of crm: laws persist, grow as academic and business, international firms, globalization, careers, arch consulting, government, museums - very few, as poorly funded, educational programs, law.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes