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Lecture 1

ARCH 131 Lecture 1: ARCH 131/ WEEK 1: LECTURE 1
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Department
Archaeology
Course
ARCH 131
Professor
Bess Doyle
Semester
Summer

Description
NAME: ARCH 131: HUMAN ORIGINS May 9/2017 Evolution how it works - heredity - taxonomy, adaptation, population, genetics Introduction to hominies - contemporary human biology - earliest hominies Why is this important? ex: 23&Me. the great human odyssey IS THIS GOING TO BE ON THE TEST Get to know your… - chronology, & geography (the order & occasion of events) - methods - terminology (definitions) - taxonomy (how species are related) DEFINING SCIENCE - we talk about it all the time - time to define our terms of reference SCIENCE TERMS AND CONCEPTS - theory: comprehensive, well-substantiated explanatory model (e.g. DARWINIAN EVOLUTION GRAVITY) - Hypothesis an empirically testable provisional explanation - EVIDENCE, DATA, FACT: An empirical observation - BIAS: an inclination or prejudice THE RESEARCH CYCLE HYPOTHESIS —> COLLECT DATA —> ANALYZE WEEK 1: LECTURE 1 Page ▯ of ▯ ) a t a d ( s n o i t a v r e s b o y n a m g n i t c e l l o c ) e m o c t u o n e v i g y n a f o y t n i a t r e c t o n , d o o h i l e k i l s e i t i l i b a b o r p n i k l a t NAME: ARCH 131: HUMAN ORIGINS May 9/2017 - HONEST INTERPRETATIONS; - REPLICATION THEORY FOLLOWS MANY OBSERVATIONS & HYPOTHESIS TESTS - REMEMBER: THEORY IS COMPREHENSIVE, WELL-SUBSTANTIATED EXPLANATORY MODEL - IT IS USED TO MAKE PREDICTIONS ABOUT PHENOMENA THAT HAVEN’T YET BEEN OBSERVED. HISTORY OF DARWINIAN EVOLUTIONARY THEORY - “descent with modification by means of natural selection” PRE-REQUISITES FOR DARWINIAN THEORY 1) START CLASSIFYING THINGS - JOHN RAY - CAROLUS LINNAEUS - GEORGES CUVIER - “Taxonomies”, classifying organisms according to their biological characteristics 2) CHALLENGE FIXITY OF SPECIES - JEAN-BAPTISTE LAMARCK 3) CHALLENGE AGE & FIXITY OF EARTH - JAMES HUTTON - CHARLES LYELL - GEOLOGICAL CONCEPT OF UNIFORMITARIANISM: THE EARTH’S GEOLOGY RESULTS FROM ONGOING, CONTINUOUS, AND UNIFORM PROCESSES OVER IMMENSE TIME SPANS 4) PROPOSE A MECHANISM: COMPETITION - THOMAS MALTHUS 5) TIE IT ALL TOGETHER - HERITABLE VARIATION - ORGANISMS COMPETE - FAVOURABLE TRAITS SURVIVE AND REPRODUCE WEEK 1: LECTURE 1 Page ▯ of ▯ NAME: ARCH 131: HUMAN ORIGINS May 9/2017 - ENVIRONMENTAL SELECTION HOW NATURAL SELECTION WORKS - BIOLOGICAL ORGANISMS VARY - SURVIVAL VARIES - REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS VARIES - HERITABLE TRAITS AFFECT BOTH - FAVOURABLE TRAITS ARE PASSED ON - TRAIT CHANGES ACCUMULATE THE MODERN SYNTHESIS (CRUCIAL PUZZLE-PIECES) - MECHANISM OF INHERITANCE (GENETICS) - MEDIUM OF INHERITANCE (DNA) - ORIGIN OF VARIATION MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT EVOLUTION - IT IS NOT “JUST A THEORY” - - IT IS THEORY - IT IS CONSTANT AND ONGOING (EVEN IN HUMANS!) - SPECIES ARE CONNECTED BY COMMON ANCESTORS (I.E. HUMANS DO NOT DESCEND FRO APES) - IT IS NOT HIERARCHAL, LINEAR, OR MORAL ANTHROPOLOGY FIELD OF ANTHROPOLOGY - SOCIOCULTURAL - LINGUISITIC - ARCHAEOLOGY - BIOLOGICAL/EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY BIO-ANTH & ARCHAEOLOGY QUESTIONS ABOUT: - history of our species (and relatives) - past events (outside history) WEEK 1: LECTURE 1 Page ▯ of ▯ NAME:
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