When did Homo Erectus leave Africa?
Dmanisi at 1.8 mya for sure
o Riwat, Pakistan
Stone tools at 2 mya? ...not likely real artifacts
Java (dates for fossils in Java are as old as or older than those in Africa, this is a
If Homo Erectus was in Asia by 1.8 mya, then who left Africa?
How did people get to Australia?
o People in Australia atleast by 40,000 years ago and maybe as early as 60,000 years ago.
o When the ocean level was lower, the islands formed Sunda Land and Sahul Land (slide
Wallace Line: a deep channel dividing Java and Borneo from the other islands and
Oldest boats 8,000 to 10,000 years ago
o Stone tools on Flores Island (on the other side of Wallace line from Java) at 800,000
o Toba super volcano on Sumatra 2800 cubic kilometers of magma and ash
Homo Floresiensis ("hobbit")
o Liang Bua Cave, Flores
o Found 7 individual hominins
o About 1 meter tall, chimpanzee-sized brain, 380 cc, encephalization quotient 2.6-3.8
o Some say that the small size could be a pathology, unlikely
o Island Dwarfism
Hypothesis that species that live on islands where there are no predators and